Living an earthquake can be one of the most terrifying experiences that a person can have. Classically, the soil has been our benchmark, which will never fail under our feet. What can we think when you shake like a weather vane in the wind? This event makes many people get carried away by the panic and act regardless of the consequences minimal.
In the current state of knowledge it is impossible to predict the occurrence of an earthquake in a particular place and time. However, although this could be of little use if we have only a lucky few hours or days to react. In this case with great confidence we will save our lives, but not before we have taken some minimal steps we may lose our home or a long time to be left to our fate, with little means to survive.
is why the best medicine today is the prevention and preparedness to act appropriately on the earthquake occurs. In both cases it is necessary to understand the phenomena that are triggered and situations, sometimes unexpected, which are created as a result of the occurrence of an earthquake.
na Once we know the major effects caused by an earthquake we are able to take a series of measures to reduce their damage to our home or to prevent possible shortcomings and difficulties we can cause such damage in the first days after the earthquake.
You can start identifying potential hazards in places where typically develops our lives: at home, at work, at school in the supermarket, the street, etc..
At home : imagine what events may be triggered by an earthquake and try to avoid them. This can go from room to room and try:
It should further:
sure to have on hand, in safe and easily accessible:
At work: proceed in a similar way to his house, identifying those objects that can be thrown over the shock. Organize an emergency plan and evacuation of the office.
At school: ask teachers about the emergency plans of the school. What is their responsibility and their role in an emergency? Make sure you teach students (their children) what to do when an earthquake.
An earthquake can last from a few seconds to just over a minute. If large first notice a moderate disturbance, P waves, but then the floor will vibrate violently and possibly lose his balance. It is also likely that it can not move: many falling objects, windows and doors that open and close violently or your own fear may prevent you from moving.
Regardless of where you are, try to stay calm and do not let fear dominate. In all likelihood your first reaction is surprise or confusion. Then you realize that this is an earthquake. In any case and circumstance yell is an earthquake! , which can fuel the fear of others. Best scream cover! that can help someone save his life, settling in a safe place.
Your answer will depend on where you are when the earthquake occurs. Then consider the circumstances most likely:
Inside a building:
At home: Follow the above but also:
In a public building (supermarket, cinema, library, etc):
If you are in a vehicle driving:
If you are in the Street:
nce vibration has finished, your answer will vary depending on where you are and the damage caused. As in previous cases we will consider several possibilities.
If at school , follow the emergency plan established in that.
If found in a vehicle , turn on the radio and try to go home with great caution, avoiding routes that cross many bridges. Under no circumstances come home if you live below a dam or near the beach.
If on a boat and the earthquake has been violent, possibly forming a tidal wave. If I was out and away from the port, go immediately to the open sea, where tsunami waves have much lower altitude due to increased water depth. If, however, is in the harbor, off the boat and get away quickly from the coast. In no case goes to the beach to watch come the possible tsunami.
The main cause of damage caused by earthquakes is shaking itself. The shock causes the fall of many objects and the collapse of buildings. The causes building collapse in the best residents trapped in the rubble, often perish by being crushed. Moreover, the falling objects can cause numerous injuries, even death if it is very heavy objects (furniture, lamps, heavy, false ceilings, etc..) Or cutting (pieces of glass windows).
Other damage caused by the earthquake affect the land:
All these phenomena can be very destructive if they affect the land on which they settle our cities or the infrastructure necessary for the normal development of our life (hospitals, fire, water tanks, fuel, power, etc.)..
A very important aspect to remember is that after an earthquake, especially if it has been destructive it is very likely to stop the supply of electricity, water and telephone. This may force us to have to live for a period of several days in conditions totally unexpected for us, no fridge to store food, without water or electricity for cooking.
Another phenomenon that can accompany many earthquakes , which has sometimes caused more damage than the shock itself, is fire. As a result of vibration can break the leadership of cooking gas, a spark from a broken wire or the innocent phosphorus on to see better in the dark can trigger a fire that razed our homes or even our neighborhood. Lack of water can also be turned off to prevent this fire.
Other damage or situations that can cause an earthquake are:
Lack of reception areas . Exposure to inclement weather.