Title: Voice cuts of the Conference of Ricardo Gallardo in the 'Ateneo Ibero-Americano de París' and of the interview with Manuel García López, 1964 ('Españoles en Francia: Un andaluz en París'
Duration: 8 min., 52 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: La cinta se compone de dos partes independientes entre si y sin ninguna relación: En la primera se ofrece parte de la intervención de Ricardo Gallardo (embajador de El Salvador en Francia) durante el homenaje a Antonio Machado en el Ateneo Iberoamericano de 1964. La segunda parte recoge parte de la serie de entrevistas "Españoles en Paris : un andaluz en París" realizadas a Manuel García López en ese mismo año
Among the many tributes held in the Instituto Ibero-Americano de Paris (one of the institutions of cultural and political nature's most important Spanish republican exile in Europe), carried out in memory of Antonio Machado were some of the events important and remembered. In fact, between 1957 and 1975, there were at least four of these tributes, but have only kept records of two of them radio -those held in 1964 and 1969-, a total of ten recordings:
Tributes to Antonio Machado in the 'Ateneo Ibero-Americano'. Year 1964:
Voice cuts of the Conference of Ricardo Gallardo in the 'Ateneo Ibero-Americano de París' and of the interview with Manuel García López, part of the series 'Un andaluz en París' (An Andalusian in Paris) (1964)
Tributes to Antonio Machado in the 'Ateneo Ibero-Americano'. Year 1969:
However, in order to evaluate these tributes in perspective, it is necessary to talk about the context in which Antonio Machado, symbol of all republican values, became one of the greatest symbols of anti-Franco and the struggle for the restoration of democracy after his death.
Antonio Machado crossed the border in January 1939, along with thousands of refugees fleeing the advance of Franco's troops. Was taken in Collioure, with her mother, brother and sister. Sick, exhausted and defeated, died a few days later, on 22 February. Julian Antonio Ramírez recalls in his memoirs how his death went virtually unnoticed at the time that the rebels were seizing the last strongholds controlled by the Spanish Republican:
"The news of the death of Antonio Machado in the neighboring town of Collioure seemed no special cause commotion outside about small groups of intellectuals, which felt more like a great misfortune, in the chaotic atmosphere of confusion (...)" (Ici Paris, 1968)
Two years later, Antonio Machado was tried in Spain under Franco posthumously by the dreaded "Purifier Commission" of the Ministry of Education. He seized all his rights, he separated from all service to the state was prohibited from entering into any event in his honor, and destroyed and banned most of his work. At the same time, an exercise in cynicism so typical of Franco's Spain, his remains were claimed repeatedly to rest in his homeland (to which his supporters have been refused to date), and misrepresented part of his work, to use as a form of propaganda for the dictatorship.
Thus, while Franco and his supporters tried to caulk his legacy, his memory and his memory, trying at the same time take advantage of all that will prove profitable, Antonio Machado became a symbol of all the values assumed by exile emerging opposition and dissent. In 1959, French national subscription, among Hispanic and intellectuals, he built a tomb in the place of honor in the cemetery of Collioure, which became a pilgrimage site, an element of national reconciliation and symbol of anti-Franco, especially among intellectuals. In fact, his tribute to Machado became symbols of resistance to dictatorship, and began to take place also in Spain, especially since 1959 - more or less illegal, being strongly repressed by the Franco authorities, but without being able to avoid being increasingly crowded. Moreover, despite the de facto censorship remained throughout the Franco era and much of the transition, some publishers like Edicusa risked to publish books that addressed aspects of the immortal hitherto prohibited Republican poet, especially from the late sixties. As libraries were founded under the name "Antonio Machado", openly leftist.
It is clear that "Radio Paris" contributed to this, reporting from France all that represented the figure of Machado, and keeping cool his legacy, his memory and values.
University of Alicante. University library. Fonoteca