Title: [Conference on the education during the II Republic] : [tribute to Giner de los Ríos]
Duration: 10 min., 21 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Homenaje a Don Francisco Giner de los Ríos en París : intervención de Don Rodolfo Llopis, lectura de un poema de Antonio Machado
It is the last part of a tribute to the figure of the big philosopher and pedagogue Francisco Giner de los Ríos, celebrated in the Ateneo Iberoamericano of Paris, although the date is unkown. Presented in deffered by Julián Antonio Ramírez, the interest of the recording is double. In the first place, by the figure of the honoree , and in second, by the personality of the speaker. Likewise, the intentionality in radiating the act, is equally double. On the one hand, there is an evident cultural interest and of tribute to the character, but at the same time, there is a political intention, it is an act celebrated in exile, about a character and a pedagogical ideology outlaw by the Franco regime, and besides, it is a conference pronounced by an exiled politician of first order.
Francisco Giner de los Ríos was cofounder in 1876 of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza, an institution of pedagogical character very influenced by the krausism, borned as a small private school in which the pedagogical and scientific theories more advanced of the period in the international plane were applied, with methods very separated from the traditional scholastic educational doctrine. This institution influenced in a decisive way in the democratic and republican culture in Spain, and produced a series of fundamental politicians and intellectuals for the development of the II Republic, so the dictatorship of Franco explicitly prohibited all educational experiences derived from it.
On the other hand, it is precise to mention Rodolfo Llopis, political and pedagogue of big importance in the contemporary history of Spain. Member of the PSOE from 1917, took part actively in the educational politics and in the configuration of the II Republic, promoting big reforms. It was chosen deputy to Courts by Alicante in the three legislatures. He had to go into exile to France once the row was finished, from where he reorganised the PSOE, being the general secretary during 30 years successive, developing an important pedagogical activity, being the founder of the International League of the Education.
With the split of the PSOE, along the sixties, culminated in the Congress of Toulouse of 1972, and staged in the Congress of Suresnes of 1974, Rodolfo Llopis remained like general secretary of the “Historical PSOE”, in front of the “Renewed” faction led by Felipe González Márquez. He returned to Spain in January of 1976, and although he continued his political activities already in the interior, he did not attain to be chosen senator by Alicante, so he returned to France, where he died in 1983.
University of Alicante. University library. Fonoteca