Title: Homage to Camus
Duration: 13 min., 41 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Entrevistas a Ramón Rufat, al escritor uruguayo Emir Rodríguez Monegal y a José Ballester por el Ateneo antes de comenzar el homenaje a Albert Camus en el 6º aniversario de su muerte celebrado en el Ateneo Iberoamericano de París
The great writer Albert Camus was one of the biggest supporters of the Spanish Republican cause and its exile in France. Born in Algeria (1913), within a humble family of settlers, he played a young age in the French Communist Party, which left training early on by ideological differences. He was a member of the 'Comité Algérien d'Aide au People Espagnol', and fought in the resistance against German occupation, with many Spanish exiles. After the war, became a militant libertarian. He contributed to many cultural and political platforms of the Spanish exile, mostly anarchists, like 'Galería', 'La Novela Ideal', 'Cénit', the literary supplement of 'Solidaridad Obrera'... He also had close contact with the Catalan exiled. In fact, he collaborated with the 'Institut Català d'Art de París', and the magazine 'Per Catalunya'. Similarly, he was part of the Honor Committee's of own 'Ateneo Ibero-Americano' of Paris and sponsored the newspaper 'Nueva República' (New Republic) (1955-1958), with Jean Cassou and Paul Rivet, with José del Barrio Navarro (co-founder of PSUC) as editor in chief. His work was highly regarded by most Republican forces, of which he himself felt debtor. In fact, after receiving the Nobel Prize for Literature, said:
"Spain has always given me exiled evidence of a disproportionate gratitude... And that friendship, though undeserved, is the pride of my life" (Camus, Albert, 'Lo que debo a España', Solidaridad Obrera, 31-III-1960).
He died in January 1960, victim of an automobile accident. The recording is an excerpt from "Hommagé à la mémorie d'Albert Camus", commemorating the sixth anniversary of his death, conducted by the Ibero-American University of Paris at the 'Institut des Hautes Etudes de l'Amérique Latine', and with the direct collaboration of "Radio Paris" The event took place on January 29, 1966, and with the participation of a large cast of personalities such as José Ballester Gozalvo, Republican politician and educator closely linked to the Ateneo, who came to preside over the League of Human Rights; Ramón Rufat Llop, a key figure of Spanish anarchism, which developed cultural activity as an exile in France after his long sojourn in Franco's jails, the Uruguayan Emir Rodríguez Monegal, writer, literary critic and literature professor, director and cofounder of the magazine 'Mundo Nuevo' (New World) in Paris, the French journalist Jean Daniel, co-founder of the newspaper 'Nouvel Observateur' and at that time chief editor of the same, Fernando Valera Aparicio, republican writer and political and co-founder's of own 'Ateneo', which was included as the last head of government of the Spanish Republic in exile (1971-1977).
As for the 'Ateneo Ibero-Americano' of Paris, was one of the most important institutions of Spanish exiles in France. Eminently cultural in nature, but with a politically charged, was created in 1957, when the exile became aware of the consolidation of the dictatorship. Closely related to the Spanish Republican government in exile was set up transnational perspective, with the stated objective of creating bridges between the French culture, Spanish, Lusa and the various Latin American countries, cultivating and defending the liberal tradition and democratic of them. In fact, had partners from all these nationalities. And the Honor Committee (which was part of Albert Camus himself, as he said) was threefold, namely, French, Latin and Spanish.
The 'Ateneo Ibero-Americano' also collaborated with other major institutions involved in the Spanish exile in France. His body was distributing the newsletter 'Anales'. And their socio-cultural activities were very diverse and wide-ranging. Virtually no event that was not commemorated by the 'Ateneo', often in cooperation with "Radio París", which gave valuable coverage to most of its activities, disclose beyond France, and giving the Spanish interior of the Peninsula access to some of their own culture, memory and history, outlawed by the Franco regime for decades.
University of Alicante. University library. Fonoteca