Title: Rafael Calvo Serer interview on the 'Junta Democrática' (Democratic Board)
Duration: 16 min., 02 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Entrevista a Rafael Calvo Serer afincado en Francia. Hablan sobre la situación política de España a finales de la dictadura de Francisco Franco
The recording is abouth the moment in which Rafael Calvo Serer explains in Paris the main tenets of the "Junta Democrática" (Democratic Board) in relation to recent political events that had occurred in Spain in an interview to the press, historical evidence of the first order.
Julián Antonio Ramírez remembers the moment in his memoirs: "(...) Calvo Serer, the Opus Deist who, on those travels, invited us, a few Spanish journalists, to an evening at his residence in Paris (...)" ( Ici Paris, 357). Context, as well explained in the recording takes place when the Franco himself dismissed Cabanillas as Minister of Information and Tourism, in late October 1974, considering that, ultimately, his attempts to liberalize the press were going too afar off, who have doubts, it was finally shown that the regime was in power of the "immobile" (despite the death of race) and that any move towards any kind of political liberalization "from within" was a pure pipe dream.
Keep in mind that Franco was nothing but a dictatorial regime that had successfully adapted to the times without change in substance, but it was clear that her resilience and could not give more than yes, after the rapid economic changes, but especially socio-cultural, given over 60 years, with one also changing international situation. At this juncture, and to address the excessive fragmentation which was mired in dissent against Franco, from the early seventies there was a trend towards the creation of platforms for joint action to submit alternative global nature against the dictatorship.
The "Junta Democrática" was perhaps the best known and most dynamic of these platforms. Created at the initiative of PCE (Spanish Communist Party), and driven mainly by Santiago Carrillo and Antonio García Trevijano, was to bring together as many opposing forces as possible in order to bring democracy to Spain after Franco died. To this end, it was sought to enthrone Don Juan de Borbon, considering that Prince Juan Carlos as successor officer appointed by Franco, represented only the continuation of the dictatorship after the dictator died. Why, having the figure of Rafael Calvo Serer was of great importance, as it had been a close associate of the same for several years.
Rafael Calvo Serer was one of the first and foremost ideologues of Opus Dei. Highly respected university professor, he held various chairs throughout his life. He served as associate director of the CSIC and its main organ popularizer, the magazine 'Arbor', and is also founder of the publishing 'Rialp'. He conducted the Journal 'Madrid' from 1966 until its closure by Francoism in 1971 . Processed by the Public Order Court for illegal propaganda, was forced into exile to France, where just defend the promotion of Don Juan as a monarch. The presentation of the Democratic Board had also taken place in Paris on July 30, 1974, and had participated in the same own's Calvo Serer. In the end, Don Juan de Borbón rejected any involvement in the cause of the Board and Moreover, there were important political forces such as the PSOE and some conservative forces, who would not join the same, creating parallely the "Platform of Democratic Convergence". Board and Platform merge in March 1976, in what is popularly known as "la Platajunta" (is like saying "the Platboard").
University of Alicante. University Library. Fonoteca