Title: Special edition : UFO
Duration: 34 min., 27 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Programa dedicado a los "ovnis" observado a través del punto de vista científico. Testimonios y extractos de programas sobre el tema
The recording includes a report on the UFO phenomenon carried out by "Radio Paris", showing the social repercussion that it had at that time, extend even to Franco's Spain. A social phenomenon that, as such, can be analyzed from the Social Sciences.
Actually, there were two important lines in the development of the UFO phenomenon. On the one hand, science fiction, with great development since the late 19th century, especially in comics, magazines and film; and on the other, the aeronautical evolution: since the 18th century with the birth of the aerostatic balloons, The UFOs were changing shape, always in parallel with the flying devices developed at each moment. That is, strange spheres in the time of the hot air balloons, flying cigars in the era of zeppelins, mysterious airplanes in the first decades of the 20th century... It is said that it was a reaction of the collective imagination to modernity, perceiving strange devices where before it was said to see spirits, lights, dragons and chariots of fire.
But the phenomenon of the "flying saucers" as such started with force after World War II, the definitive conquest of the air culminated, and while the first steps towards space were taken. In a first phase, suspicion fell on the Soviets and the US Air Force itself. The outbreak of the Cold War was brewing, and there was a strong governmental secrecy about the construction of the atomic bomb and other secret weapons: a part of science had become opaque within the western democracies.
Very soon after, the hypothesis of extraterrestrial origin arose. The UFOs were manned by beings from other worlds, and also with a specific mission: save save humanity from the nuclear holocaust that seemed doomed. All this in a context of social panic before the policy of "nuclear deterrence" between the two superpowers. The argument was reinforced with the testimonies of the first "contactees". On the other hand, since the mid-1950s, the phenomenon began to spread to the rest of the world, although always with US as its epicentre. It was during the 1960s when a part of science included among its goals the search for life on other planets, starting with NASA itself. The SETI Project was launched, to track the universe in search of radio waves emitted by intelligent extraterrestrial life. Even the Pioneer X probe carried a message for anyone who found it. But there was no contact. In addition, the USSR had sent probes to Venus, and the US to Mars, without finding signs of apparent life. After the Cold War, files were declassified. It was declared that there were concealments, although only related to secret military projects, uncovering at the same time the existence of a permanent disinformation campaign.
The reaction of the followers of the phenomenon was varied. At least three aspects can be cited as follows:
-Mysticism. The appearance of a religious version of the phenomenon, in which only the chosen ones would be saved individually, very much in line with the New Age.
-The conspiracy and abduction. On the one hand, grey beings (aliens) kidnap human beings to experiment and create a new race; on the other hand, the "Men in Black", human agents of the great powers that hide the evidence and have access to extreaterrestrial technology.
-The hypothesis alien creationism, which talks about of intervention of extraterrestrial beings in the evolution of the human being. The gods were nothing but technologically superior beings, coming from other places in the universe. With thetheories of the Swiss writer Erich von Däniken as vanguard.
In contrast, a radical skepticism has also emerged, denying even that man has stepped on the moon. The sociological and anthropological factors involved in the phenomenon are multiple. They have been classified as urban legends closely related to the dichotomy (unfortunately, not yet resolved in broad sectors of humanity), between reason and faith, science and religion, belief and experience, value of personal testimony against documentary evidence.
University of Alicante. University Library. Music Library