Title: El Pro y el Contra : the 50 anniversary of the French Communist Party
Duration: 37 min., 31 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Programa dedicado al partido comunista de Francia, nacimiento y desarrollo en su 50 aniversario
The relations between the Spanish Communist Party (SCP) and the French Communist Party (FCP) were generally very narrow, although they depended on the political situation of both countries (especially of France, that went through stages very different), as well as the guidelines of the Soviet Union Communist Party (SUCP).
During the Spanish Civil War, the FCP conducted an intense campaign in favour of the II Republic, and had an active participation in the International Brigades. With the victory of the rebellious francoist, the members of the FCP took sides with the exiled, that suffered the hard stay in the French concentration camps, and afterwards suffer the persecution during the German occupation.
From the end of the II World War until 1950, the FCP turned into the more important political strength of the country, given its role in the resistance against the occupation, thing that benefited a lot to the SCP, that had achieved a lot of prestige thanks to his protagonism in the liberation of the South of France. However, the Cold War sparked the anti-communist fever through a big part of Occident, especially in the break out of the Korean War (1950-1953). The system of the SCP, exiled in France but gifted of big autonomy, devoted big part of his support to the guerrilla anti-Francoist in Spain (Maquis). What caused that its members were accused to practise the Fiftg Columnism of the USSR, in spite of the protests of the FCP in the Parliament. In any case, and although its broadcast media were prohibited, the IV French Republic was permissived with the Spanish Communist Party, and its dependence with the FCP becae much more intense and narrow, so that it was usual the double affiliation by many exiled Spanish Communists, especially from the sixties.
The outlook changed substantially with the arrival of the V Republic of the general De Gaulle, whose political interests -initially originated by the War of Algeria- determined to establish more flow relations with the Francoist Spain, and therefore to suppress the Spanish Communists in Gallic soil, obeying requests of the regimeof Franco (the own “Radio París” suffered its effects). Which did not prevent the existence of common propaganda campaigns in favour of the Republican cause and against the Franco regime, that the FCP used to criticise openly the tolerance of Franco with the Gaullismo, comparing the situation of both countries, and branding De Gaulle and his governments as “fascists”. The campaigns in favour of the amnesty of political prisoners, and especially the organised against the shooting of Julián Grimau, gave place to protests of unitary character between the SCP and the FCP. On the other hand, the FCP followed a politics of no interference in internal subjects of the SCP. Throughout the sixties there were, nevertheless, some opposing positions. Firstly, around the “May of the 68”: the SCP was in favour, and the FCP against. And afterwards, with the invasion of Czechoslovakia: the FCP lined up with the USSR and the SCP suffered a grave split. Nevertheless, the relations SCP-FCP kept being narrow, as the mitin of Montreuil of 1971 proves, organised thanks to the joint effort between leaders of both trainings (see the works of DREYFUS-ARMAND, Geneviève; 2000 and LILLO, Natacha; 2007).
Throughout the catalogue, they are conserved three recordings related with the FCP. The first, collects an interview to Jean García -responsible of the external relations of the own FCP-, where the problems and aspiraciones of the left from the ideological prism of his Party are reflected, in accordance with the realities of his time. The second collects the speech of posthumous tribute to Jaques Duclos -one of the main defenders of the SCP from the FCP-, pronounced by Dolores Ibárruri.
University of Alicante. University library. Music Library