Title: Spanish federation of deported and confined political, 25 anniversary
Duration: 5 min., 49 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Entrevista a Juan Vilató, presidente de la Federación de Deportados e Internados Políticos Españoles (FEDIP), con motivo de la celebración del 25 aniversario de la liberación de Francia por los aliados, cuya celebración tuvo lugar entre Perpiñan y Collioure. Entre los actos está la visita al cementerio de Collioure a la tumba de Antonio Machado
The Spanish Federation of Deportees and Internees Political Victims of Fascism (FEDIP) was founded on October 13, 1945, when the first statutes were signed with the stated aim of "helping the deportees, political interns and their families through mutual assistance between them, particularly, to support, coordinate and control the official aid of the organisms created for that purpose". It was created by Spanish Republicans exiled who had survived the Nazi extermination camps or who had suffered captivity during the occupation of France. Its first headquarters was established in Toulouse, and its first presidency fall on the figure of Francisco Largo Caballero, a survivor of the Sachsenhausen camp, who died a year later. Thus, Joseph Ester i Borrás (exiled from libertarian ideology that had received the highest decorations of the French, British and American for his role in the resistance) would be the General Secretary from 1947 to 1980, the date of his death. The organization had always had a leftist majority anti-Franco orientation.
Its informational platform was the Revista Hispania (internal newsletter of the association), and in order to maintain the cohesion between the various survivors, and to preserve their testimony and memory, it was developed a range of activities, such as celebrations of commemorations, edition of discs with anti-fascist songs, conferences, and specially, assistance was provided to members in need and/or their families, among other things. It also highlights the creation by the association of the "Monument to the Spaniards killed for freedom in war (1939-1945)", which was finally erected on April 13, 1969 in Pere-Lachaise Cemetery, in only support of donations, and that was the most symbolic achievement of the Federation and its affiliates. But in essence, the main function of the FEDIP was to manage and handle pensions and allowances, subsidies and indemnities, for the most needy victims and their families. As also locate survivors.
Regarding the functioning of the Federation, it was formed organically and hierarchically. There was a National Council, divided into sections with specific skills: Legal Section, the Social, the Press and Propaganda, the Finance and Budget and Statistics Section. On the other hand, there were different ministries, coordinated by the National Secretariat. And below these central bodies, the FEDIP was divided into various departmental committees, one for each of the regions of France built in the association (which in turn could join in interdepartmental committees to have more weight). As regards financing, it was largely based on the monthly fee provided for each participant, which in 1945 was 10 francs. The remaining income came from voluntary contributions, profits on publications, sales of records (especially the famous Mauthausen disk)... In any case, all the extra revenue was distributed as follows: 50% for the National Council and 50% to be distributed proportionately among the various departmental committees. It is said that FEDIP counted among its achievements that the German Federal Republic granted pensions to the Spanish victims of Nazism. Its dissolution took place formally in 2006.
The recording collects an interview with Juan Vilató on the acts of the Federation for commemorate the 25 anniversary of the release from the fields of Nazi extermination, as the one of Mattahussen. A part of the acts comprises one visit tribute to the grave of Machado in Collioure.
More recordings about the deported Spaniards in France:
University of Alicante. University Library. Music Libary.