Title: Report on the pro-amnesty demonstration
Duration: 9 min., 25 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Alcoy
Summaries: Reportaje sobre la Manifestación Pro-Amnistía por la libertad de presos políticos, sindicales y de conciencia y a favor de la vuelta de los exiliados, incluye una breve declaración de Antonio Gades y las del alcalde de Alcoy, Rafael Terol
20 November 1975, the stations of all Spain connected with RNE to announce the death of the dictator. Although the dictatorship retained the political and repressive apparatus of the State, seven years occurred in a certainly rapid evolution of events, resulting in a parliamentary monarchy and an autonomous State.
In a context of deep economic crisis and political uncertainty, the transition to democracy in Spain was certainly turbulent process, with conflict expected as unexpected, far from exemplary process it has always presented the official propaganda and the main political parties. The figures for people killed by political violence (in broad sense) are more than five hundred between 1975 and 1982.
The return to civilian and democratic freedoms was not any concessions from political power. There are elements that confirm this. Franco dead, censorship was intensified. Sanctions the press multiplied. Complaints and abductions of books reached the highest since the implementation of the press law and printing of 1966. The Tribunal of public Order (TOP) instructed the greatest number of records in its history.
Franco had died but at the forefront of the Government continued Arias Navarro, ratified twice by the head of State. The 18 months that elapsed since Franco's death until the first democratic elections were very hard with protests against the dictatorship: the labor movement, the University, farmers, neighborhood associations, certain working-class cures, organizations such as "Jueces para la Democracia", "la Unión Democrática de Militares (UMD)", "el movimiento democrático de mujeres", the press and the progressive publishers,... the mobilization of a part of society.
The Francoist Cortes were dissolved, Arias Navarro was dismissed, and the Crown had to take charge of the reforms and give them momentum. The political opposition was finally joined in a single negotiating platform, "la Platajunta". Adolfo Suarez was sensing the magnitude of the events. In 1975 it was contrary to the legalization of the PCE, now he had to accept it after the murders of Atocha Street. There was no road map, the uncertainty and conflict prevailed in a process where the press and radio had much prominence. Radio Alcoy-Cadena Ser knew how to adapt very well to events and its main role became the inform avoiding censorship. There are at least 20 recordings directly related to that process, of great historical and testimonial value.
University of Alicante. University Library. Fonoteca