Title: Spain Celta, II: a radio program conducted by André Camp in Galicia with the collaboration of Robert Vidal
Duration: 14 min., 26 s.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. André Camp
Summaries: Documental radiofónico sobre Galicia y sus raices celtas. Entrevista con el profesor Antonio Fraguas de la Universidad de Santiago en el castro de Conxo sobre las peculiariades de la cultura celta. Entrevista al maestro gaitero Basilio Carril sobre las característica de este instrumento y de las diferencias entre la gaita gallega y la cornamusa bretona. Se finaliza con una entrevista sobre la utilización de las gaitas en las bandas militares gallegas
Spain Celta was an interesting report issued in two parts, carried out by André Camp in collaboration with Robert J. Vidal, main promoter and director of the international guitar of the broadcasting TV French (RTF), one of the most prestigious and largest popularity contests among his specialty. The intention of the program was to present a broad overview of reminiscences Celts in Galicia from different perspectives (especially historical, cultural, ethnographic and musical) interviewing Galician intellectual and musical personalities and looking for Parallels with the French Bretagne.
The first issue begins with an interview with Fermín Bouza-Brey Trillo (1901-1973), historian, ethnographer and writer, great vindicating of Galician culture and language. A specialist in the Celtic world about the Celtic invasion and the castros culture, as well as Galician language and literature. The second interview is the selecting to Francisco Landin Pazos (1910-1989) director of the Municipal Academy of music by Marin and founder of the first school of bagpipes in 1960.
The second issue starts with an interview with Professor Antonio Fraguas y Fraguas (1905-1999) of the University of Santiago de Compostela, writer, historian, anthropologist and ethnographer of Galician ideology. They speak in the 'castro of Conxo' on the peculiariades of the Celtic culture. The 'castreña' had great development in the Northwest of the Iberian Peninsula since the end of the bronze age, around the "castros", fortified villages of very defined characteristics. The program continues with an interview with the master Piper Basilio Carril (1914-1974) about the peculiarities of the Galician bagpipe and the differences with the Breton bagpipe. The issue ends with a third interview a character without identifying, on the use of bagpipes in the military bands in Galicia.
Analyzing the context of the time, the political intention of the program (in addition to the purely informative and cultural) is evident. André Camp, son of Jean Camp hispanist, replaced Christian Ozanne in charge of "Radio París" and under his direction (between 1958 and 1968) in addition to start the broadcasts to Latin America, proceeded to the creation of emissions in other peninsular languages, especially in catalan, Galician and Basque. A really important element and itself opposed to the Franco regime, because even though at the end of the years fifty began to tolerate the publication of books and magazines in what was defined as "vernaculars" (as opposed to the earlier stages of fierce repression linguistic and cultural), the only official language recognized by the dictatorship was Spanish, and of different "nationalities" historic cultural elements, only tolerated as part of the varied folklore that, supposedly, was the essence of all "the Spanish". A folklore, obviously misrepresented, manipulated, and deprived of his vindictive character and identity, transformed into mass consumption product, and used as one way to more demobilization social, almost comparable to (bridging the gap) to the panem et circenses Roman. Given that perspective, "Spain Celta" meant a claim to Galicia as a 'historical 'non national Spanish nationalism official implanted by the Francoism.
University of Alicante. University library. Fonoteca