Title: ["Entre Nosotras", feminine magazine III]
Duration: 14 min., 13 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Programa dedicado a homenajear a Leonor Izquierdo la mujer de Antonio Machado, incluye sección sobre moda y consejos de cocina
Entre nosotras (I, II, III, IV), was a famous magazine of “Radio París” produced by Adelita del Campo since May 1965. The “magazines of the radio” are, in general, radio programmes whose main purpose used to to be the audience entertainment, although in this case it is appreciated a strong cultural component, with a clear purpose of formation as well as information. Nevertheless, there are several characteristic elements in this type of programmes, and this one is not an exception: they have a long length, the figure of the presenter is the key, the contents are structured in concrete microspaces and the word, the narration and the dialogue are essential elements, whereas the music plays a minor role, generally as a curtain between the different spaces.
In essence, Entre nosotras (meaning "amongst us") was a feminine although not feminist, magazine. However, the image of the woman that it projected was light years ahead of the woman as established by the Franco regime. It is precise to remember that Adelita del Campo herself, since the times of the II Spanish Republic, but especially during the Civil War, had defended the active paper of the woman in politics, culture and society. In fact, she took part in the libertarian organisation Mujeres libres (Free Women), of which she was an active militant. Adelita carried out welfare, pedagogical, cultural and artistic tasks, key figure with her family of the “Theatre of the Front” activities. Tasks and commitment with the Republic and the democracy that she would not even abandon neither during the years as a refugee in the French concentration camps, nor during II World War, in which she collaborated with the Resistance.
Thus they can be appreciated some interesting aspects regarding the thematic composition of the programme. With the typical anodyne elements of this type of radio spaces -as the usual housekeeping tips-, there was historical information, always with a protest purpose towards the importance of women, with peculiarities regarding men, but equally valid.
It is necessary to point out that the feminist movement, as it is conceived nowadays, was shaped in Occident at the beginning of the 70s. Obviously, whereas the more advanced European countries were developing this new social movements during the 60s and 70s, the sociopolitical commitment of the new generations in Spain during those years was polarised between two consecutive elements: the opposition to the dictatorship and the process of political transition to democracy.
During the years of the “Desarrollismo” in Spain (1959-1975), the official speech on the women of the regime was kept in essence, in spite of the social deep transformations experienced during these period of time. And although women were allowed to access to the labour market (that actually she never left, as the woman has worked in all periods), and to a better formation, she continued linked to the domestic field and the maternity. Actually, the feminist movement began in the secrecy between 1965 and 1975 -although in a very minoritary way-. It was the case of the “Movimiento Democrático de Mujeres” (Women Democratic Movement), linked to the PCE (Communist Party of Spain) and founded in 1965, although there were other forums andpersonalities whot also demanded a change of the feminine role in society. It was in 1975, declared by the UN the “International Year of the Woman”, when the feminist movement became visible in our country. A heterogeneous movement demanding the equality of genders.
University of Alicante. University Library. Fonoteca