Title: "Hermanamientos municipales hispano-franceses: Zaragoza-Pau", I (Local Spanish-French Twinning: Zaragoza-Pau)
Duration: 25 min., 53 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Acto de hermanamiento entre la ciudad española de Zaragoza y la ciudad francesa de Pau
According to Jean Bareth, one of the main founders in 1951 of the Council of European Municipalities (today Council of European Municipalities and Regions, CEMR), “a twinning is a relationship between two municipalities, both desiring to develop initiatives with a view to building a united Europe, to face problems together and to develop and strengthen friendship ties between one another”. Definition that identifies the basic values that each twinning means, that is to say: friendship, cooperation and understanding between the villages of Europe. In fact, they are considered the maximum expression of the union and the identity of Europe, representing the most clear form of European cooperation.
The European politics of “twinning” began to develop in Europe after the II World War, with twinnings between French and German cities, in order to overcome the difficult postwar period and put an end once and for all to the Franco-German secular clash, which was fundamental so that the process of European construction could reach a successful conclusion. A process that has gone hand in hand with the Sister Cities, initiated in U.S. during those dates (especially from 1956), and promoted under the mandate of Eisenhower.
Of course, Spain did not want to be left out of this fruitful experience, especially from the end of the fifties, when the Francoist process of economic liberalisation (without political freedoms) set up the entry into the European Common Market as a prioritary aim, as it was an essential source of economic prosperity. In this context –and surely as a consequence of it- there were held the first twinnings between Spanish and French municipalities, in which “Radio París” it was guest of honour, so it could testify it. Obviously, and being the Franco regime an anachronistic dictatorship and similar to the Axis defeated forces, Spain was not admitted in Europe, and only achieved the signing of a Preferential Agreement in 1970. Nowadays, the organism in charge of the management of these events is the Federación Española de Municipios y Provincias (FEMP) (Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces).
The catalogue has kept recordings of three different twinning ceremonies, usually in charge of Julián Antonio Ramírez: the twinning of Pamplona-Bayona (town of the historical Basque-French province of Labort) (see I, II and III); the twinning of Zaragoza-Pau (capital of the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the region of Aquitaine) (see I, II and III), both in 1960; and the twinning of Estella-Rocamadour (town of the department of Lot, in the region of Midi-Pyrénées) (see I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII and VIII), ceremony held in 1969. All of them make up a total of fourteen recordings of fundamental importance for the reconstruction of our history and our memory.
University of Alicante. University Library. Fonoteca