Functional Diversity


Functional diversity can be defined as the phenomenon, fact or characteristic present in society that, by definition, would affect all its members equally. That is, in society there are people with different abilities or functionalities.

Functional diversity is not an alternative term to "disability" , but a term for exclusions or discriminations.

In today's society there is a tendency to adapt the environment and public spaces to the needs of people with disabilities, in order to avoid social exclusion , since a disability is perceived as such, while the person is unable to interact by himself with his own environment.



The types of disability can be:



The most frequent causes of disability are:

  • Birth
  • Some kind of illness.
  • An accident

The number of people with disabilities in Spain reaches 3.8 million , representing 8.5% of the total population.

At the University of Alicante, according to the data collected, there are 240 students with disabilities and 44 including Administration and Services Staff and Teachers and Researchers.

The following table shows the distribution of students by type of disability


Visual 22
Auditory 20
Psychic 58


Health 57
Distribution of students by type of disability in the U. Alicante
Types of disability Total

NOTA 1: We do not have the data of all the students, only of those who self-declare it.

NOTA 2: There are disabilities that do not grant disability certificate.


Functional diversity in the classrooms