Functional diversity can be defined as the phenomenon, fact or characteristic present in society that, by definition, would affect all its members equally. That is, in society there are people with different abilities or functionalities.
Functional diversity is not an alternative term to "disability" , but a term for exclusions or discriminations.
In today's society there is a tendency to adapt the environment and public spaces to the needs of people with disabilities, in order to avoid social exclusion , since a disability is perceived as such, while the person is unable to interact by himself with his own environment.
The types of disability can be:
- Auditory deficit. Loss or limitation of the ear to be able to listen.
- Visual deficit. The loss of sight or difficulty in seeing with one of the eyes.
- Psychic deficit. It includes the limitation of learning for new skills.
- Motor deficit . It refers to the loss or limitation of some person to move.
- Health problems. Chronic physical or functional alterations
The most frequent causes of disability are:
- Some kind of illness.
- An accident
The number of people with disabilities in Spain reaches 3.8 million , representing 8.5% of the total population.
At the University of Alicante, according to the data collected, there are 240 students with disabilities and 44 including Administration and Services Staff and Teachers and Researchers.
The following table shows the distribution of students by type of disability
|Types of disability||Total|
NOTA 1: We do not have the data of all the students, only of those who self-declare it.
NOTA 2: There are disabilities that do not grant disability certificate.