University of Alicante will develop a pioneering project in Spain on earthquake risks
Elche and Adra (Almeria) have been the cities chosen for the study as they based in the two zones of Spain with a greater seismic hazard
Seismic hazard in Spain expressed in peak ground acceleration (PGA) for a return period of 475 years 0.20g recorded in Elche
Alicante. Monday; 05 December 2016
The University of Alicante will carry out a pioneering study in Spain to assess the risks of earthquakes in Elche and Adra (Almeria) which will allow us to know the typology and morphology of the ground. With the aim of designing a seismic hazard map, the work will begin in January and will last three years.
Other than assessing seismic hazards, taking into account the effects due to the local geology of Elche and Adra, the study will provide detailed information on the buildings in both cities to assess their vulnerability as well as the population exposure. The seismic risk calculations will be carried out by using the new free software Selena developed by the University of Alicante and the NORSAR research centre in Norway.
According to project director and UA Faculty of Sciences lecturer in Earth Physics Sergio Molina, "Adra and Elche have been chosen for the study because the two cities are located in the two zones of Spain with greater seismic hazard, as is the case of southern Andalusia and southern Valencia region respectively". "With this initiative, we intend to take a step further in the study of the seismic phenomenon and use analytical methods to show not only statistical data but also the physical behaviour of structures", he added.
In the case of Elche, which is close to the faults of Crevillente and Bajo Segura, seismic hazards as well as the ground behaviour and its vulnerability to earthquakes will be analysed on-site during the first year. In the second year, the buildings' physical behaviour will be studied in the event of an earthquake, while in the last phase of the project, useful results will collected for their application in future emergency planning regulations.
A multidisciplinary team from the University of Alicante, made up of seismologists, architects and engineers, will carry out this project financed with €60,000 by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.
During the presentation of the project, on Friday, 2 December in a press conference, Elche City Councillor José Manuel Sánchez stated that "this municipality will be the first of the Valencia region to be provided with a seismic hazard map, which will be used for a future revision of the city's General Urban Development Plan (PGOU) and a future municipal by-law on technical building inspection".