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  • A University of Alicante INAPH team date..La Romana (Alicante) to 20,000 years ago

A University of Alicante INAPH team dates evidence of human occupation in La Romana (Alicante) to 20,000 years ago

The tips of fins and stalks used as arrowheads show the occupation of the cave 20,000 years ago


Images: Courtesy of Palmira Torregrosa (INAPH)


Alicante. 11 July 2016

A team of archaeologists from the University of Alicante Research Institute in Archaeology and Heritage (INAPH) has shown the most ancient  evidence of human occupation in La Romana (Alicante) up to date, dated back to 20,000 years ago. They have been proven to belong (to) groups of hunter-gatherers of the Upper Paleolithic, Prehistoric stage, between 35,000 years and 10,000 B.C. when “homo sapiens” appeared. They were nomads, dressed in skins, who knew fire and rock art and performed funeral and hunting rituals, but did not know agriculture or livestock. These are the signs of early humans who lived in La Romana, as has been documented in the first archaeological excavations carried out in the Cova dels Calderons, located in the municipality of La Romana (Alicante). Directed by INAPH Professor Palmira Gimenez Torregrosa, they have been implemented thanks to the interest and sponsorship of the town council of La Romana with the authorisation of the Valencia Regional General Directorate of Cultural Heritage.

The work undertaken since late last June by a team of researchers and students have found that the cave served as a place of refuge for shepherds about 6,000 years ago, and which had previously been occupied by hunter-gatherer groups, approximately 20,000 years ago.  

As stated by PhD Torregrosa, the findings of tip fins and stems on the level of the base of the cave made with flint stone and used as arrowheads is evidence that the cave was occupied by a small group of people at times of the Solutrean period of Upper Paleolithic. The recovered material composed of small flint tools, animal bones and all samples of pollen and charcoal fragments of collected campfires, will now be analysed in the laboratory. On the other hand, paleoecological studies are still pending to be completed and will reveal very important information about the evolution of climate and landscape in the area.


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