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Malignant melanoma ranks as the 7th most prevalent cancer in the general population

On the occasion of the European Day for the Prevention of Skin Cancer, on 13 June, the University of Alicante warns that the majority of the population does not protect their skin properly

The San Fernando UA venue in Alicante City gathers together experts to discuss the key concepts to prevent skin cancer tomorrow, at 7:00 pm,

 

Melenoma

Alicante. Monday, 12 June 2017

Malignant melanoma is ranked 7th among the most prevalent tumours in the general population, and 4th among the tumours that affect women, according to the report 2017 Cancer Facts in Spain of the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology. These data are of special relevance tomorrow, Tuesday 13 June, within the context of the European Day for the Prevention of Skin Cancer.

"Other than genetic factors and lifestyles, cases of skin cancer can be avoided by minimising sun exposure due to recreational or work-related activities, as well as to artificial sources of UV radiation," director of the University of Alicante Clinical Nursing Research Group and professor of the Department of Nursing Maria Flores Vizcaya explained.  

With the presentation of the Euromelanoma 2017, the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology warns on the the constantly  increasing incidence of skin cancer as it is already considered a worldwide outbreak. That is why, from the University of Alicante, Vizcaya pointed out that "in Spain, it is advisable to use a sunscreen of SPF30  throughout the year, and SPF50 during the summer. The purpose of the sun protection factor should never be to increase the time of sun exposure". 

Other than protecting with sunshades, caps, t-shirts and ISO certified sunglasses, it is advisable to start sunbathing gradually and avoid peak hours, especially during the summer. In the case of children under six months of age, they should always remain in the shade protected with suitable protective clothing from solar radiation. The WHO warns in this regard that solar UV rays are stronger between 10 am and 4 pm.

"Young people and children are particularly vulnerable and the use of a sunscreen between SPF30 and SPF50 is recommended to be applied 30 minutes before exposure, and repeated periodically after bathing or sweating. Also, in order to avoid dehydration, drinking plenty of water is essential," the director of the Clinical Nursing Research Group insisted.

"Despite the flow of information and awareness campaigns, most people do not protect themselves from solar radiation adequately. In fact, protective sunscreen cream should be applied throughout the year in high-exposure areas such as Alicante," Maria Flores Vizcaya stated. "It is important that we remember that the skin" has memory ", that is, that the damage caused by sun exposure is cumulative," he warned. 

 

Early diagnosis

One of the first signs of alarm to detect this type of disease is a wound that does not heal or the appearance of new spots on the skin, hence the importance to raise awareness and inform society about self-explorations and clinical exploration by primary-care professionals.

Aware that an early diagnosis is a guarantee of success, researchers from the University of Alicante Research Group of Bioinspiring Engineering and Computer Science for Health (IBIS) have developed a system to help predict melanoma through visual effects using an image of the lesion. The tool has been already patented and can be used automatically to decide how urgently a patient need to be referred to the dermatologist.

 

Early diagnosis

One of the first signs of alarm to detect this type of disease is a wound that does not heal or the appearance of new spots on the skin, hence the importance to raise awareness and inform society about self-explorations and clinical exploration by primary-care professionals.

Aware that an early diagnosis is a guarantee of success, researchers from the University of Alicante Research Group of Bioinspiring Engineering and Computer Science for Health (IBIS) have developed a system to help predict melanoma through visual effects using an image of the lesion. The tool has been already patented and can be used automatically to decide how urgently a patient need to be referred to the dermatologist.

Video technology

 

Most melanomas are located on the skin and may have varied colors such as brown, black, blue, red or gray. "They are easily detectable on an early stage and thus, it is important to identify and examine any new mole or ulcer as well as those changing their shape or colour," UA Faculty of Health Sciences explained. The ABCD criteria also help to identify a lesion as suspected of malignancy since it defines the 4 fundamental characteristics of melanoma: A, asymmetry; B, border irregularity; C, colour variation, and D, diameter to indicate lesions of a certain size, generally with a diameter greater than 6 millimeters ", she detailed.

 

Key measures for prevention

With the goal of disseminating and informing on the measures of skin cancer prevention among the Alicante population, the UA Health Club and the Faculty of Health Sciences have organised a discussion panel on the key measures for skin cancer prevention tomorrow Tuesday, 13 June at 7.00 pm in San Fernando 40 UA venue in Alicante City.  The event will feature experts from the Alicante Dermatological Centre, Dr. Miguel González Nebreda and registered nurse Encarna Espejo Luna, along with UA lecturer Maria Flores Vizcaya, who will act as moderator.

 

Further information:

The Health Club at the UA Venue in Alicante City organises a discussion panel on key measures for skin cancer prevention

 

University News


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