UA researchers identify a complex Roman settlement system at the headwaters of the Vinalopo River
The results have been reported through an INAPH agreement with the town council of Banyeres de Mariola
Students of the undergraduate degree in History and of the Master’s degree in Professional Archeology and Integrated Heritage Management (both UA degrees), students of the undergraduate degree in Archeology (University of Jaen) and CSIC researchers have participated.
A geophysical survey is planned to be performed in later phases, which provides us with a map of the possible subsoil remains.
Evidence has been found of a network of farmhouses, workhouses and Roman villas that make up a complex rural system distinguished by various types of settlements, compared to the model of Roman villas typical of other nearby areas. The area is reported to be an environment of great agricultural potential almost depopulated until that time due to the instability of the final period of the Iberians, which forced the populations to reside in fortified villages on the mountains, such as El Cabeçó de Mariola where the INAPH team was working. The occupation of the valley occurred in the 1st century B.C. after a series of warlike events and the pacification of these lands.
The first research stage of this archaeological project has been innovative in the non-invasive use of techniques and archaeological methods, such as remote sensing and prospecting using geolocation technology to detect material remains on the ground. The following stages are based on a detailed study of the archaeological materials located in the areas prospected. Also, a geophysical prospecting is planned, which offers a map of the possible subsoil remains, in those spaces with the highest concentration of surface remains to continue the study of these villages.
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