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A lecturer at the UA, Carmen Alemany, has discovered 170 previously unpublished texts by Miguel Hernandez

Alicante, 21 January 2011

This well-known Hernandian scholar, was the President of the organizing committee for the the last international conference on the poet.

Twenty years after reading one of the most revealing thesis on Miguel Hernández, the University of Alicante’s lecturer Carmen Alemany has discovered 170 previously unpublished manuscripts by the author from Orihuela at different stages of his life, mainly from his early youth, when he published Perito en lunas, and the period of the war.

The texts, which were kept in the Historical Archives of Elche, reveal the richness of the poet's creative process, that contrary to what researchers have thought, “it is the result of a deep meditation and extensive work to reach the final poem”, says Carmen Alemany, for whom “though they arenot essential texts by Miguel Hernández, they are fundamental to the study of his work, because they supplement what we already know about the author and his way of making poetry”. 

The studies performed, which were shown to the scientific community during the celebration of the 3rd International Conference on Miguel Hernandez and whose organizing committee was presided over by this researcher, have been very well received by scholars. On the publication of these texts that were hoarded by Josefina Manresa “not without risk, to the delight of the Hernandian scholars”, according to Alemany, who states that they would be very revealing to gain insight to the author. “It never seems that a complete work is complete because they can always, as is the case, any document, letter or writing come to light again which is essential to understand the author in its fullness”, but she confirms that with these materials, she would dare to consider the work by Hernandez completed.

One of the main novelties of the finding is, according to the lecturer, “the insistent and willful creation professed” by Miguel Hernández, “pages and pages where he typed imagery, metaphor, spare verses, in short, literary exercises which served as poetic learning and reference for composing his poems”. Alemany says that we can find from a succession of ideas or images separated by hyphens, which allow us to give an idea of the theme and focus of the poem, to semi-finished or finished texts, as some octaves that the author crossed out completely. One of the facts that the lecturer consideres of particular relevance is the poet's reflection on the value of image in poetry”, he spent a long time writing over and over possible images for his poems”, she explains. “The image does not let me be until I write it”,  said Miguel Hernandez in one of these unpublished texts.

His resemblance to Lorca and Neruda, physically to one of them and as poetic voice to the other, is another topic that appears in the material recovered by Carmen Alemany, where Hernandez claimed his “right to deserve”. “It may be” -the poet writes- that this voice resembles any other, I presume so, but what is my fault if my face is like that of Frederick, that my step has to do with Paul’s - the more I am, the more I deserve-  the more I deserve, the more and more I ask you, I deserve the sponge, I deserve the sand ....”

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