Visits begin at the Interpretation Centre, which has lots of information on the services available and helps you to understand and get the most out of the archaeological and historical remains at El Molón. From the car park, a signpost marks the beginning of the route up a path for around 825 m to reach the esplanade, from where the old track leads to the site, forming part of the PR-CV 293 Ruta Íbera walk. About 450 m up the path, you can see a lime kiln that was still used until quite recently by locals. An alternative track winds its way through the municipal area of Mira in Cuenca, providing site access for all-terrain vehicles.
Visits last around two hours (including the 20-minute walk to the top) and take in the main archaeological elements identified to date, starting with remains from the Iron Age and following with the Islamic occupation of the site.
In order to help explain the remains, and for visitors to know which period of history that they belong to, colours have been used, with red denoting the pre-Roman era (panels 2-4) and green for the Islamic period (panels 5, 6 and 9), both on the panels themselves and in the indications that guide you through the site. Light green and ochre are used in the environmental panels (panels 7 and 8), and yellow is for general information about the settlement (panels 0 and 1).
An initial panel describes the park, with a map of the areas that can be visited. Halfway up the hill is another panel that explains the two main settlements at El Molón, both of which used the nearby “Pozo de los Moros” or Moors’ Well, a stone cistern more than 20 m deep.
Panel 2 is near the old main gate into the settlement, next to the west wall. Access was along a passageway carved into the rock, and today you can see the tracks left by the cart wheels and where the pre-Roman gates stood, with the remains of the defences to the south almost completely dismantled.
Once inside, having passed another stone cistern, take the metal steps up to the northern wall, one of the site’s biggest features. The path along the wall leads to the eastern end of the settlement and the most spectacular defences, including a large tower, various fortifications and a ditch carved in the rock at different heights, all of which are explained in panel 3 next to a former secundary entrance to the settlement.
You then reach an area that gives you an idea of what kinds of buildings would have existed at the time, with medium-height constructions and store rooms built onto the perimeter walls, and a big water-storage cistern carved in the rock, in the middle, which indicates just how important water was for the pre-Roman community at El Molón (panel 4). One room was likely to have contained a garret, as the walls contain inset post supports, and it is thought that this may have been used as a wine press. During the Islamic occupation, the space inside the cistern was re-used to construct a large building, including a number of hearth slabs and a large amount of silos, which were then used for waste.
The visit continues to the west, with steps leading inside the albacar enclosure, which is covered in panel 5.
Following the path and through a second door, you reach the cistern area next to the main entrance, and then move south along a stepped path into the Islamic settlement. This area includes the site’s most emblematic building, the mosque (panel 6), as well as different rooms, one of which had a channel carved in stone that may have been used for a latrine.
To the west are two more panels which cover the vegetation (panel 7) and birdlife (panel 8) to be found at El Molón, as well as different homes that formed part of the Islamic settlement and a building used during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) as a lookout for a nearby military aerodrome (panel 9). The visit concludes here on the edge of the top plateau, from where you can retrace your steps along the access path.