Objectives & career options Degree in Biology

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Degree in Biology

Objectives & career options


General objectives


The aim of the degree course is to provide students with a thorough understanding of the morphology, systems, structures, functions and interactions of living organisms and related analysis, whether for teaching, research or applied purposes.

 The activities for which the degree qualifies graduates include:

  1. The study, identification, analysis and classification of living organisms and of biological agents and materials, together with their remains and signs of activity.
  2. Research, development and control of bio-technological processes.
  3. Production, transformation, manipulation, conservation, identification and quality control of biologically-sourced materials.
  4. The study of the biological effects of products, irrespective of their nature, and the control of their actions.
  5. Genetic studies and their application.  
  6. Ecological studies, evaluation of environmental impacts, planning, management, exploitation and conservation of land and marine populations, ecosystems and natural resources.
  7. Scientific divulgation and technical consultancy and teaching regarding biological topics.
  8. All activities related to Biology.





The University of Alicante Degree in Biology course programme comprises a total of 240 credits, spread out over 4 years, each of which is worth 60 ECTS credits. The work is distributed evenly into 30 ECTS per semester. These 240 credits cover all the theoretical and practical learning to be acquired by students.

In order to make the course compatible with other activities, students are permitted to take a part-time course consisting of 30 credits per academic year.


Distribution of credits per subject type


Subject type








Final Project


Total credits



General description of the course programme


The Course Programme is structured into four modules: core, compulsory, complementary and optional.

  • The core module is taken in the first year and is worth 60 credits. 42 of these form core subjects in the area of the Sciences (BR), and comprise the disciplines Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Geography, whilst 12 form core subjects in the area of the Health Sciences (B), and comprise the disciplines Statistics and Biochemistry. In addition, the compulsory cross-disciplinary core course, Introduction to Research in Biology, is worth 6 credits (T) and is aimed at enabling students to acquire practical proficiency in searching for and handling biological information, cross-disciplinary skills such as IT, oral and written communication and reading documents in English (priority cross-disciplinary skills at the University of Alicante), and teamwork. Biochemistry (12 ECTS) is divided into two modules: Core and Compulsory, each worth 6 ECTS.
  • The Compulsory Module is taught in the second and third years (semesters, 4, 5, 6 and 7). Students are required to take 96 credits in each of the compulsory Biology courses: Biochemistry, Genetics, Histology, Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, Ecology, and Animal and Plant Physiology. Courses are sub-divided into subjects. Subjects are worth 6 credits and comprise the theoretical and practical contents of each course. External fieldwork, computer work and laboratory work credits are broken down differently for each of the courses.
  • Additional third-year compulsory courses also include Molecular Techniques, Structural and Functional Techniques, Biogeochemical Models and Cycles, and Analysing Biodiversity. These instrumental courses (each worth 6 credits) are taught in semester 6. These four courses, along with the compulsory 4th year (Semester 8) Biology Project, comprise the complementary moduleconsisting of subjects that complement the Biology Graduate's education, enabling students to acquire the skills necessary to carry out the regulated professional duties of Biologists. The eminently practical nature of these subjects makes them of particular relevance to the acquisition of skills and expertise, with the aim of rounding off the procedures and learning acquired by students in the compulsory and complementary modules, applying them to solve complex problems and exercising a greater degree of autonomy.
  • The optional module consists of two routes worth a total of 84 ECTS; the Environmental Biology route and the Biotechnology and Bio-Health route, each worth 42 ECTS. 14 optional subjects are offered in total, each worth 6 credits, including the optional subjects "Work Experience A" (Environmental Biology route) and "Work Experience B" (Biotechnology and Bio-Health route). The optional courses mainly comprise applied subjects and are aimed at complementing the education of future graduates by offering an insight into Biology as it is applied to different fields. Students are required to choose six optional subjects from one or other of the routes, of the seven offered on each (including work experience). Work experience is worth up to 6 optional credits.

Students are required to take the compulsory course "Biology Projects", worth 6 credits, and complete the Final Project (18 credits).

The Final Project is the final phase of the programme and is worth 18 ECTS. These credits are divided into three blocks, each worth 6 ECTS. Two of these blocks are practical, while the other is written. Within the two practical blocks, students may carry out a range of activities, including an information search, data collection and analysis, or research (laboratory, computer, fieldwork, industrial processes, bibliography, etc.), among others. These practical activities can be carried out in research institutes or the research departments of businesses or institutions, according to the scientific activity involved. In their Final Project, students are expected to demonstrate that they have acquired the skills associated with the Degree, through the preparation, presentation, and defence of a report on an original student project related to Biology, which may include experimental, computational or theoretical aspects or a practical project in Biology. Before evaluation their final projects, students must show academic certification verifying fluency in a foreign language to B1 level.


Optional subjects and routes


The Degree in Biology can follow either of two routes: The Environmental Biology route or the Biotechnology and Bio-Health route, each worth 42 ECTS.  14 optional subjects are offered in total, each worth 6 credits, including the optional subjects "Work Experience A" (Environmental Biology route) and "Work Experience B" (Biotechnology and Bio-Health route.  In semester 7, students are required to chose 5 subjects from the total of 6 offered for each route; in semester 8, they are required to take one of two possible subjects. "Work Experience A" or "Work Experience B" may be taken in either of the two semesters, but the student is required to choose that which which corresponds to the route taken. Subjects will be assigned to semesters 7 and 8 on an annual rotation basis.

The Course Programme proposes the following optional work experience modalities:

1. Work Experience unrelated to the Final Project (TFG): Successfully completed work experience projects are worth a total of 6 optional credits.

2. Work experience related to the Final Project: 6 optional credits may be taken as work experience, after which students may continue with one or two practical blocks from the Final Project, totalling 18 ECTS.

Students may take up to 12 work experience credits related exclusively to the practical blocks of the Final Project. In this case, the Degree Supplement will specify that work experience comprised part of the student's Final Project.

In accordance with the reglamento approved by Council of Government for the academic recognition of cultural university activities, sportive, of representation estudiantil, solidarias and of cooperation of the University of Alicante, the student will have to have guaranteeed the possibility to obtain academic recognition of until a maximum of six credits optativos of the total of the plan of studies cursado, by the participation in cultural university activities, sportive, of representation estudiantil, solidarias and of cooperation. Before the beginning of each academic course, the Council of Government will define the nature of the activities that will have this academic recognition.
























Distinctive Features



El Grado en Biología ofrece, al alumnado interesado en las ciencias biológicas, la posibilidad de adquirir los conocimientos básicos para entender los procesos de la vida, y posteriormente, las aplicaciones tanto en el ámbito de la investigación, de la docencia o de la empresa.


Para ello, el Grado en Biología presenta una estructura de 240 créditos ECTS (60 básicos+126 Obligatorios+36 optativos y 18 de Trabajo Fin de Grado (TFG)), un Plan de Estudios estructurado en cuatro módulos (básico, fundamental, complementario y avanzado), que garantiza la formación del profesional biólogo. Se ofrecen dos itinerarios, que abarcan todo el espectro de Biología: un itinerario con una formación en la rama de las ciencias biotecnológicas y biosanitarias, y otro en el ámbito de la biología ambiental.


Si hay un rasgo que caracteriza al Grado en Biología es la experimentalidad; en el currículo de las asignaturas incluidas hay un alto porcentaje de prácticas, que en ocasiones es mayor incluso que las propias clases teóricas. Las prácticas pueden ser de laboratorio, prácticas clínicas y de campo, que ayudan de una manera considerable a alcanzar las competencias que requiere un Graduado en Biología. Así mismo existe la posibilidad de realizar prácticas externas en empresas, que pueden ser reconocidas con 6 créditos ECTS del currículo del estudiante, y que se cursan en el 7º u 8º semestre. También estas prácticas pueden ser elegidas como prácticas externas extracurriculares. Igualmente destacables son los programas de movilidad con otras universidades nacionales e internacionales, a través de los programas Erasmus +, Programas de movilidad no europea y los naciones SICUE y Programa Drac. Para ello, la Universidad de Alicante y la Facultad de Ciencias a través de la Oficina de Prácticas en Empresa, movilidad e Inserción laboral (OPEMIL), ha establecido un marco de colaboración con empresas e instituciones mediante convenios específicos que permiten ofrecer al alumnado la posibilidad de trabajar en empresas e instituciones públicas o privadas del ámbito de la Biología, posibilitando un primer contacto con el mundo laboral y potenciando la posibilidad de conseguir empleo tras cursar sus estudios universitarios.


La existencia en el Grado de Biología de un grupo de Alto Rendimiento Académico (ARA) pretende reforzar el potencial del alumnado más destacado desde el inicio de sus estudios universitarios ofertando parte de la docencia en inglés y con grupos de alumnos reducidos.


El profesorado que imparte clase en el grado de Biología tiene una tasa de profesorado doctor del 90%, el cual forma parte de diferentes grupos de investigación, un total de 24, muchos de ellos de reconocido prestigio internacional, tanto en el ámbito de la biotecnología como en el de la biología ambiental. Es de destacar , por su impacto mediático, la presencia del investigador Francisco Martínez Mojica, quien por sus investigaciones realizadas en la Universidad de Alicante ha sido merecedor de innumerables premios prestigiosos en el ámbito de las Ciencias, nacionales e Internacionales, y la nominación durante tres años consecutivos al premio Nobel en varias disciplinas. Estos grupos trabajan desarrollando proyectos que dan como resultados numerosas publicaciones en revistas indexadas en los listados de las revistas científicas JCR, así como la formación de estudiantes de doctorado, que reciben formación de alto nivel para ser investigadores en diferentes áreas de la Biología, una vez terminadas sus Tesis Doctorales, muchas de ellas con mención de “Doctorado Internacional”.





Resources and Facilities




Instalaciones de la Facultad de Ciencias


La Facultad cuenta con 16 departamentos que totalizan más de 350 profesores. En todos los edificios se dispone de despachos, laboratorios docentes y de investigación. No existen barreras arquitectónicas que impidan a personas con discapacidad física acceder a las dependencias de la Facultad y de los departamentos que imparten docencia en la titulación.


+info: Espacios e infraestructuras.



La Biblioteca de Ciencias cuenta con una superficie de 409 m, 148 puestos de lectura, 7 puestos informatizados, 29.433 monografías, 5.111 libros electrónicos, 123 suscripciones a revistas en papel, 2.056 suscripciones a revistas on-line, y acceso a 13 bases de datos informatizadas. Los alumnos disponen, tanto en la Biblioteca de la Facultad como en la Biblioteca General, de manuales de la bibliografía recomendada por el profesorado de las distintas asignaturas.


+info: Biblioteca de Ciencias.


Oficina de Prácticas en Empresa, movilidad e Inserción laboral (OPEMIL)

La OPEMIL es la unidad de gestión, información y tramitación de los programas de Movilidad Nacional e Internacional, Prácticas en Empresa e Inserción Laboral de la Facultad de Ciencias.


El objetivo de la OPEMIL es ofrecer información centralizada y personalizada tanto a alumnado y profesorado de la Facultad de Ciencias de la UA, como a alumnado y profesorado acogido, procedente de otras universidades españolas o extranjeras.


La OPEMIL proporciona asesoramiento integral a alumnado egresado de las titulaciones de la Facultad de Ciencias y a empresarios interesados en los programas de prácticas en empresa e inserción laboral.


+info: Oficina de Prácticas en Empresa, Movilidad e Inserción Laboral.







Further Education




El título de graduado en Biología permite el acceso, aparte de otros posgrados, a másteres de carácter profesional y/o de investigación. En la Universidad de Alicante se ofrecen diversos másteres relacionados con las ciencias biológicas como el máster en Análisis y Gestión de Ecosistemas Mediterráneos, el máster en Biomedicina, el máster en Biotecnología para la Salud y la Sostenibilidad, el máster en Gestión Pesquera Sostenible, el máster en Gestión y Restauración del Medio Natural, el máster Universitario en Nanociencia y Nanotecnología y el máster en Paleontología Aplicada.


Career Opportunities


According to the Statutes of the Official College of Biologists (COB) specifying  the main professional functions of biologists, the principle areas of professional practice include:

  • Health professionals in clinical laboratories, human reproduction centres, public health, nutrition and dietetics, and animal and plant health, among others. By means of official training as Consultant Biologists (Biólogo Interno Residente - BIR), graduates may work in clinical laboratories in the fields of biochemistry, clinical analysis, microbiology and parasitology, immunology, radiopharmacy and pharmacology, and radiophysics. They may also seek careers in other fields concerning human health, such as human reproduction, IVF and other assisted reproduction techniques, and genetic counselling (for which they are almost exclusively competent, due to their wide-ranging training in epigenetics and molecular, human and cancer genetics); and in the agro-food and environmental areas of public health, taking part in all aspects of risk analysis (identification, management and communication). 
  • Research and development in all applied areas and key advances in experimental and life sciences, working in research centres and in the research and development departments of businesses, industries and hospitals. Biology graduates play an important role in the progress of science and its social and economic repercussions (agriculture, food, biotechnology, animal and plant diversity, animal research, genomics, proteomics, the environment, human health and reproduction, etc.).
  • Industry professionals, principally in pharmaceutics, agro-food, cosmetics and chemistry, with responsibilities in technical departments, production and quality control, biochemistry, microbiology, toxicology, physiology, pharmacology and epidemiology, and other scientific perspectives inherent to professional research and development.
  • Agriculture professional, optimising current plant, animal and fungus crops and seeking new lines of exploitable live resources. Genetic enhancement via classical methods or genetic engineering, optimising conditions for growth, nutrition and improved reproductive yield are all skills provided by the knowledge acquired on the Degree course. Aspects such as aquaculture and the husbandry of exotic or native species for commercial purposes, and the husbandry of animal, plant, fungus and microbial species for preservation or improvement purposes should also be highlighted.
  • The environment, mainly in sectors such as land conservation, management, use and control,  management of biological resources - forestry, agricultural, marine, etc., waste management, environmental impact assessment and environmental restoration.  Other professional activities include technicians, managers, auditors or consultants in the public sector, businesses or project management firms, the organisation and management of protected natural spaces, gardens and museums, and agricultural, industrial and urban pollution studies. Responsibilities also comprise emitting expert recommendations with regard to sustainability and the planning and rational use of natural resources (COB, 2001).
  • Information, documentation and education in museums, natural parks, zoos, botanical gardens, publishing houses, press offices, businesses, scientific foundations, the  press and television, as guides, monitors, writers, editors, specialist journalists, publicists, scientific advisors, and science, life and environmental illustrators or photographers.
  • Marketing of products and services related to all aspects of biology described in the foregoing paragraphs.
  • Business management and organisation, in business environments related to the training of biologists and exercise of the profession.
  • Teaching in secondary schools, universities and ongoing and post-graduate professional training, in areas related to scientific knowledge in general and in particular to life sciences and experimental sciences. Biologists also supervise and manage teaching centres, and provide educational consultancy for the dissemination of scientific culture in society(cf. Silgado, 1999).

In addition to these clearly defined professional fields for biologists, recent studies (Michavila & Pérez, 2007) show that in the past decade, UA has seen major growth in graduate employment in sectors such as industry, energy, construction and market services, all fields in which biologists play an increasingly important role.

Scholarships and Funding




Información sobre los medios existentes para facilitar el acceso al estudio universitario a quienes deseen emprenderlo:


University Life




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