Objectives & career options Degree in Marine Sciences

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Degree in Marine Sciences

Objectives & career options

   

 

General objectives

 

The aim of the Degree in Marine Sciences is to produce professionals capable of:

  • carrying out research in the different areas of the marine sciences;
  • providing the authorities and businesses with advice and consultancy on marine resources, environmental issues, environmental impact and other matters within the scope of their competence;
  • training future scientists and technicians.

Accordingly, the Degree in Marine Sciences qualifies graduates to work in all areas related with the marine sciences, including scientific and technical development, using both  basic and  applied approaches.

This degree also qualifies future graduates to work in oceanography, at both basic and applied levels in a range of environments.

 

 

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Structure

 

Subjects on the Degree Course in Marine Sciences, each worth 6 European ECTS credits, are organised into semesters.  Students are required to take 5 subjects each semester, to complete 30 credits per semester and 60 credits per year, for a total of 240 credits over four years.

In order to make the course compatible with other activities, students are allowed to take a part-time degree consisting of 30 credits per academic year.

Distribution of credits per subject type

 

Subject type

Credits

Core

60

Compulsory

132

Optional

30

Work experience (obligatory)

0

Final Project

18

Total credits

240

 

General description of the course programme  

 

The Course Programme is divided into four modules: Core, Compulsory, Complementary and Optional

  • Core Module:   The core module is taken in the first year and is worth 60 credits. 42 of these form core courses in the area of the Sciences, including the disciplines of Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Geology, whilst 12 form core courses in the area of the Health Sciences, and comprise the disciplines Biochemistry and Statistics.  In addition, the compulsory cross-disciplinary core course, "Introduction to Research in Marine Sciences", is worth 6 credits (T) and is aimed at enabling students to acquire practical proficiency in searching for and handling biological information, cross-disciplinary skills such as IT, oral and written communication and reading documents in English (priority cross-disciplinary skills at the University of Alicante), and teamwork. The courses described comprise a total of 10 subjects, each worth 6 credits. Core courses in the area of the Sciences are taught in the first year, with Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Geology being taught in the first semester (30 ECTS). In the second semester, core courses in the area of the Health Sciences (Genetics, Biochemistry, Cell Biology and Statistics 24 ECTS) , together with a cross-disciplinary subject (6 ECTS).
  • Compulsory Module   The Compulsory Module is taught in the second, third and fourth years (semesters 4-8). The module is divided into 10 courses, with a total of 19 subjects.
    • Four courses are shared with the Degree in Biology (worth a total of 36 ECTS).  These are Zoology (12 ECTS), Botany (12), Ecology (6), and Microbiology (6).
    • Six courses specific to the area of Marine Sciences ( worth a total of 90 credits), which include Biological Oceanography (18), Physical Oceanography (12), Marine Geology (12), Marine Chemistry (18), Applied Statistics (6) and Applied Marine Sciences (24).
    All subjects are worth 6 credits and comprise the theoretical and practical contents of each course. Credits for practicals (laboratory, sea, computer, etc) are allocated differently for each of the 10 courses.
  • Complementary Module:   this module comprises the subject, "Marine Sciences Projects" and is worth 6 ECTS. It reflects the recommendation that professionals in any branch of the Sciences, and especially those undertaking projects, should have taken a subject concerning projects.
  • Optional Module:   The Optional Module consists of three optional course routes:
    • Marine Resources  route;
    • Marine and Coastal Environment  route; and
    • optional courses not ascribed to any route.
    These three courses, each worth 24 ECTS, comprise a total offer of 12 optional subjects, including Work Experience, each worth 6 credits.  The optional courses mainly comprise applied subjects and are aimed at complementing the education of future graduates by offering an insight into the Marine Sciences as applied to different fields. Students may choose four optional subjects from either route plus one subject form among those not ascribed to either in order to complete the 30 optional credits. Another possibility is not to choose either route and simply take those subjects they consider of most interest.

8 subjects are offered in semester 7, of which students must choose 4, whilst in semester 8 students must choose one subject from among the 3 offered.  The subject, "Work Experience" may be undertaken by students during either of these two semesters. Subjects will be assigned to semesters 7 and 8 on an annual rotation basis. In semester 8, students are required to take the compulsory course 'Marine Sciences Projects', worth 6 credits, and carry out their Final Project, worth 18 credits. 

Work Experience : Work experience is worth up to 6 optional credits. A framework collaboration agreement has been reached between the University and a series of companies and institutions, offering students the possibility of working in companies and public and private institutions in the field of Marine Sciences, providing  them with a first contact with the working world and increasing their employment prospects.

The Course Programme proposes the following optional work experience modalities:

  • Work experience unrelated to the Final Project: Successfully completed work experience projects are worth a total of 6 optional credits.
  • Work experience related to the Final Project: 6 optional credits may be taken as work experience, after which students may continue with one or two practical blocks from the Final Project, totalling a maximum of 18 ECTS.

In this regard, students may take up to 12 work experience credits related exclusively to the practical blocks of the Final Project. In this case, the Degree Supplement will specify that work experience has comprised part of the student's Final Project.

Moreover, as specified below, students may complete or extend their work experience period providing the work undertaken can be used in the Final Project. 

Final Project : The Final Project, which is the final phase of the Course Programme, is worth a total of 18 ECTS credits, in compliance with the requirements of a possible Eurobachelor in Marine Sciences. The Final Project is divided into three blocks, each worth 6 ECTS. Two of these blocks are practical, while the other is written. Within the two practical blocks, students may carry out a range of activities, including work at sea  (practicum),  data collection and analysis, bibliographical research, laboratory investigation, etc. Before evaluation their final projects, students must show academic certification verifying fluency in a foreign language to B1 level.

 

Optional subjects and routes

Students may choose four optional subjects from either route and one subject not ascribed to either in order to complete the 30 optional credits. Another possibility is not to choose either route and simply take the assignments they consider of most interest.  8 subjects are offered in semester 7, of which students must choose 4, whilst in semester 8 students must choose one subject from among the 3 offered.   Work Experience may be undertaken by students during either of these two semesters. Subjects will be assigned to semesters 7 and 8 on an annual rotation basis.

 

ROUTE

TYPE

ECTS

MARINE RESOURCES

SEA WATER ENGINEERING

OP

6

MANAGEMENT AND PRESERVATION OF LIVE MARINE RESOURCES

OP

6

APPLIED PLANKTOLOGY AND MARINE MICROPALEONTOLOGY

OP

6

MARINE MINERAL RESOURCES

OP

6

MARINE AND COASTAL ENVIRONMENT

COASTAL AND OCEANIC ENGINEERING

OP

6

INTRODUCTION TO METEOROLOGY

OP

6

PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT OF THE TOURIST COAST

OP

6

ASSESSING THE MARINE AND COASTAL LANDSCAPE AND EVALUATING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS

OP

6

NON-ROUTE SUBJECTS

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND REMOTE SENSING

OP

6

SCIENTIFIC DIVING

OP

6

SYSTEMS ANALYSIS

OP

6

WORK EXPERIENCE

OP

6


  

 

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Distinctive Features

 

Uno de los rasgos distintivos del Grado en Ciencias del Mar por la Universidad de Alicante es que consta de dos Itinerarios: Itinerario Recursos Marinos e Itinerario de Medio Ambiente Marino Litoral. El alumnado tiene la posibilidad de escoger entre ambos itinerarios o incluso no escoger itinerario y realizar las asignaturas optativas que considere más atractivas para su formación. Una vez superado el grado, el título de Grado en Ciencias del Mar cualifica al alumnado para el ejercicio profesional en las distintas actividades que guarden relación con las ciencias marinas y su desarrollo científico-técnico, tanto desde el punto de vista básico, como aplicado. Esta titulación permitirá al/la futuro/a graduado/a la práctica profesional de la oceanografía, en un nivel básico y aplicado en diferentes ámbitos.

El grado en Ciencias del Mar, además de fomentar la participación activa del alumnado en las clases expositivas (clases de teoría en grupo grande que consisten básicamente en lecciones impartidas por el profesor y están dedicadas a la exposición de los contenidos teóricos y a la resolución de problemas o ejercicios), presenta una amplia formación práctica. Ésta se desarrolla en los diversos tipos de clases prácticas que se detallan a continuación:

  • Seminarios y/o prácticas de problemas: Se realizan actividades de aplicación de los contenidos teóricos, de desarrollo de aspectos complementarios de la materia, de resolución de cuestiones y problemas que el profesor propone con antelación al alumnado y que pretenden fomentar la participación activa y crítica del alumno.
  • Clases prácticas de laboratorio y de ordenador: Son sesiones en las que se plantean y desarrollan experimentos, cálculos o procedimientos de tratamiento y análisis de datos, y se interpretan los resultados obtenidos. Usualmente, el alumnado presenta un informe basado en su diario de laboratorio, en el que exponen los resultados experimentales acompañados de una discusión y crítica de los mismos
  • Tutorías grupales reducidas: En ellas se realiza un seguimiento más directo y personal del alumnado que permite orientarlo en la materia, conocer y desarrollar sus motivaciones y actitudes, trabajar y discutir cuestiones concretas, resolver dificultades concretas y realizar un seguimiento del trabajo diario relacionado con la asignatura. 
  • Prácticas de campo: En ellas se realizan observaciones, así como toma de datos, en el campo o en el mar, que posteriormente pueden ser tratados en sesiones de prácticas conjuntas de gabinete (laboratorio, ordenador). Se considera una actividad formativa imprescindible para un correcto proceso de aprendizaje de la materia relacionada a la titulación. Dentro de este tipo de actividad formativa se incluyen las visitas a espacios naturales, para observar in situ los procesos previamente estudiados en las clases expositivas; así como centros de investigación, empresas etc., donde se realiza investigaciones en diferentes campos de las ciencias marinas.

Un rasgo distintivo de esta Titulación, y en relación a la formación práctica del alumnado, es la posibilidad de realizar actividades de extensión universitaria. Una de las actividades de extensión universitaria que se lleva desarrollando desde 2014 son las Jornadas de prácticas docentes del Grado en Ciencias del Mar en la Universidad de Vigo. El objetivo de estas Jornadas es promover la participación de los estudiantes de Ciencias del Mar en actividades prácticas docentes en la Facultad de Ciencias del Mar de la Universidad de Vigo, con el fin de que desarrollen actividades colaborativas en un ambiente marino diferente al mediterráneo e interactúen con profesorado y estudiantes de otra universidad. Se trata de una actividad multidisciplinar en la que distintas áreas del conocimiento de ambas universidades trabajan de forma transversal y coordinada.

Además, en función de la naturaleza de las asignaturas, se realizan otras actividades formativas: trabajos individuales o en grupo (planificación, realización, exposición y debate), asistencia a conferencias, mesas redondas, reuniones o discusiones científicas, entre otras.

Otro rasgo a destacar en la Titulación es el empleo por parte del profesorado de diversas TICs; tecnologías que puede facilitar el acceso universal a la educación, reducir las diferencias en el aprendizaje, apoyar el desarrollo de los docentes, mejorar la calidad y la pertinencia del aprendizaje, reforzar la integración y perfeccionar la gestión y administración de la educación. Dentro de estas tecnologías se incluyen las presentaciones interactivas en el aula, tutorías virtuales y otra serie de herramientas a través de la intranet de la Universidad de Alicante (UACloud) que permiten, por ejemplo, la realización de actividades no presenciales de aprendizaje autónomo y su seguimiento por el profesorado (autoevaluación, debates, foros, etc…). El uso del UACloud es generalizado en todas las asignaturas y permite al alumnado desde cualquier punto tener acceso a toda la información (guía docente) y todos los materiales relacionados con la misma (presentaciones, cuestiones, material complementario, etc.)

Para facilitar la compatibilización de estudios con otras actividades, el alumnado puede ser estudiante a tiempo parcial, cursando 30 ECTS por curso académico. Además, se ofrece la posibilidad de movilidad entre las distintas universidades nacionales e internacionales. El Grado en Ciencias del Mar de la Universidad de Alicante se caracteriza por unas elevadas tasas de movilidad entre su alumnado, completando sus estudios en programas de movilidad nacionales, europeos y no europeos. Para ello, la Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad de Alicante cuenta con una Oficina de Prácticas en Empresa, Movilidad e Inserción Laboral (OPEMIL), en la que el alumnado puede acceder a la gran oferta de universidades y empresas con las que se han establecido convenios.

Otro rasgo de identidad del grado en Ciencias del Mar es la intensa actividad investigadora desarrollada por los profesores que imparten docencia en la titulación. Se han establecido distintos grupos de investigación, que incluyen diversas áreas científicas (un total de 15 departamentos imparten clases en el grado). Dentro de estos grupos de investigación se llevan a cabo diferentes líneas de investigación, lo que permite el desarrollo de diversos proyectos de investigación, que derivan en publicaciones científicas en revistas de renombre, así como la defensa de tesis doctorales; muchas de ellas obteniendo la mención de “Doctor Internacional”.



 

 

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Resources and Facilities

 

 

 

Instalaciones de la Facultad de Ciencias

La Facultad cuenta con 16 departamentos que totalizan más de 350 profesores. En todos los edificios se dispone de despachos, laboratorios docentes y de investigación. No existen barreras arquitectónicas que impidan a personas con discapacidad física acceder a las dependencias de la Facultad y de los departamentos que imparten docencia en la titulación.

Espacios e infraestructuras                        

 

Biblioteca

La Biblioteca de Ciencias cuenta con una superficie de 409 m 2 , 148 puestos de lectura, 7 puestos informatizados, 29.433 monografías, 5.111 libros electrónicos, 123 suscripciones a revistas en papel, 2.056 suscripciones a revistas on-line, y acceso a 13 bases de datos informatizadas. Los alumnos disponen, tanto en la Biblioteca de la Facultad como en la Biblioteca General, de manuales de la bibliografía recomendada por el profesorado de las distintas asignaturas.

Biblioteca de Ciencias

 

Oficina de Prácticas en Empresa, movilidad e Inserción laboral (OPEMIL)

La OPEMIL es la unidad de gestión, información y tramitación de los programas de Movilidad Nacional e Internacional, Prácticas en Empresa e Inserción Laboral de la Facultad de Ciencias.

El objetivo de la OPEMIL es ofrecer información centralizada y personalizada tanto a alumnado y profesorado de la Facultad de Ciencias de la UA, como a alumnado y profesorado acogido, procedente de otras universidades españolas o extranjeras.

La OPEMIL proporciona asesoramiento integral a alumnado egresado de las titulaciones de la Facultad de Ciencias y a empresarios interesados en los programas de prácticas en empresa e inserción laboral.

Oficina de Prácticas en Empresa, movilidad e Inserción laboral (OPEMIL)

 

 

 

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Further Education

 

 

 

Una vez superado el grado, se pueden continuar los estudios en el nivel de Máster Universitario.
La Universidad de Alicante ofrece másteres en todas las ramas de conocimiento.
Consultar la oferta de másteres:
https://web.ua.es/en/official-master-s-degrees.html
 
 

 

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Career Opportunities

 

Professions for which the degree qualifies its holder: Oceanographer, Marine Scientist.

These professional profiles have been drawn up from information obtained from graduates and employers, as well as from the professional experience of the project work group and the University community, as set down in the White Paper. On the basis of this information, along with further information obtained from the Official State Gazette (BOE), CSIC and documents from Associations of Marine Sciences Graduates, the Degree has been designed to be as broad-based as possible, having as its fundamental aims those of providing graduates with a basic and applied knowledge in Marine Sciences and preparing them for professional practice, based essentially on five professional profiles with their respective professional scopes which are representative of a Degree in Marine Sciences..

There are career opportunities for graduates in Marine Sciences in all sectors, from the primary sector to the industrial and service sectors, and including education and research. To meet the demand from businesses and institutions, the following profiles have been established:

  •  Professional profile: Graduates should possess the necessary training required by companies in the primary sector (fishing and aquaculture, oceanography), industry, services and the administration (preservation, environmental impact, biomarkers, coastal planning and management, etc.). In the field of business, graduates may work as oceanographers but also fulfil executive and management roles in Marine Sciences-related areas.
  • Teaching and research: Some graduates find careers in teaching. Under the current system, graduates are required to complete their training with a Master's Degree in Education in order to work as Secondary School Teachers. However, the Degree in Marine Sciences is designed to provide graduates with the necessary skills for this function. Moreover, research in certain scientific fields is becoming increasingly important, both in public centres (Universities, CSIC, OPIS, etc.) and in companies with research departments.

On this basis and in accordance with sources consulted, the following general aims have been established for the University of Alicante Degree in Marine Sciences:

  • Provide students with a scientific and technical training in line with current scientific methodologies, along with the knowledge and skills to their specialization in Marine Sciences or other multidisciplinary areas.
  • Involve students in the learning of Marine Science, enabling them to assess their theoretical and practical aspects and train them for professional work.
  • Provide knowledge acquisition, both basic and applied to the marine environment, practical skills and attitudes for professional practice.
  • Generate in students the ability to assess the importance of marine science in the context of environmental, economic and social.
  • Getting graduates adequately manage scientific and technical information, to produce technical reports and scientific papers and defend to an audience.
  • To train graduates for their integration in the labor market, in areas related to the responsibilities of the degree.

 

Summary of professional profiles and skills of Graduates in Marine Sciences:

Professional profile

Skills

Marine Resources

  • Inventory, census and monitoring of marine life forms
  • Detection and control of diseases among marine species
  • Preservation and transformation of marine foodstuffs and other products of interest
  • Sustainable management of renewable and non-renewable resources
  • Fishing evaluation and management
  • Advisory services for zoos, museums and other scientific and cultural facilities related to the marine environment
  • Recovery of marine species

Oceanography

  • Exploring and modelling physical, chemical, geological and biological processes in the oceans
  • Atmosphere-ocean interaction.
  • Global climate change
  • Multi-and inter-disciplinary studies of ocean processes over a range of space and time scale
  • Design and development of oceanographic campaigns and experiments

Management and planning of marine and coastal environments

  • Planning and preservation of coastal areas
  • Design of marine infrastructure projects
  • Management of natural spaces and protected marine areas
  • Consultancy in matters of environmental legislation
  • Environmental impact studies and assessment
  • Restoration of coastal and marine spaces
  • Assessment and monitoring of compliance with marine and coastal environmental standards applicable to industr
  • Marine pollution, water quality and sediments

Teaching and research

  • Teaching at different levels, organising social awareness campaigns, dissemination, etc.
  • Design, preparation and teaching of courses on the marine environment to businesses and the authorities
  • Management of marine-related leisure and tourist activities  
  • Capacity to undertake scientific studies in a range of oceanographic field
  • Research at universities and private and public research bodies

Administration and business

  • Technical assistance and technical reports for businesses
  • Improvement plans for industries related to the marine environment
  • Technicians at all levels (European, national, regional, local) of the authorities dealing with marine and coastal environments



 

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Scholarships and Funding

 

Información sobre los medios existentes para facilitar el acceso al estudio universitario a quienes deseen emprenderlo:

 

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University Life

 

Más información sobre el campus y las actividades o recursos, organizados por o relacionados con, la UA:

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