SUPPLY OF WATER: The sum of activities and urban infrastructures that guarantee the supply of necessary water to a population.
ACCESSIBILITY: Possibility to connect a place with others. It is used to refer to a core of population with regard to his links with other spaces of the periphery, or to a part of that, to explain the degree of vicinity that has regarding others. It is one of the essential factors for the location of economic activities. It depends on a series of factors as they are the physical situation of the individuals, the time of route of an itinerary, the distance that it is necessary to save, the road structure, the conditions of the traffic filmed, the suitable allocation of fleet of collective vehicles, the climatic characteristics and the existent obstacles in the relief. The elder or lower degree of accessibility can measure cuantitativamente and express by means of statistics, potential, etc.
URBAN ACCESSES: Points of connection between the road urban and the road networks intraurbanas.
ANNOYING ACTIVITIES, INSALUBRES, HARMFUL And DANGEROUS: Performances, establishments or installations that by his especially negative effects, require the intervention and specific control of the public administration. Annoying activities are those that incomodan by the noises or vibrations that produce, or by the smokes, gases, smells, fogs, dusts in suspension, or substances that delete. The insalubres are those that give place to desprendimiento or evacuation of products that can result direct or indirectly hurtful for the human health. And, finally, they define like dangerous the consistent activities in manufacturing, manipulate, expender or store susceptible products to originate grave risks by explosions, fuels, radiations or others of analogous importance for the people or goods.
INNER WATERS: existent maritime Space between the firm earth the lines of base established from which measures the width of the territorial sea. His outline regulates from the Agreement of Ginebra (1958).
TERRITORIAL WATERS: marine Spaces that, as a result of the new territorialización of the sea by recent development of the international maritime right, happen to the direct and exclusive control of the state ribereño, being incorporated like integral part of his territory.
TERRITORIAL ARTICULATION: optimum relation between the elements estructurantes and parts differentiated that form a territory. The application of the term articulation to the territory does reference preferably to the communications and the transports of diverse type; but with frequency uses this expression with a wider meaning and open, of similar social or political resonances that territorial cohesion, or even almost ideological, as perhaps it suggests in elder measured the locución vertebración territorial.
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: Assessment that attributes to the distinct elements of the half and to his meeting in the interior of the cores of population. Can determine different degrees of environmental quality by means of parameters like pollution, proportion of green zones, equipments, density, hygiene, among others.
QUALIFICATION OF THE FLOOR: Determination of the planing urbanístico consistent in detailing or establish pormenorizadamente the destination of the previously classified floor. With her they determine the uses and the edificabilidad (intensity of occupation pro edificaciones and typologies edificatorias that they have to realise in each type of floor).
CENTRALIDAD: Degree of influence that a core of population exerts on his area of attraction. His measurement is used to to realise establishing the proportion between all the goods and services offered by a core and the necessary so only for his own resident.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE FLOOR: Determination of the planing urbanístico that consists in differentiating three big types of uses in the floor of a municipality. They differentiate , according to his relation with the process of urbanisation: urban floor, floor urbanizable and floor no urbanizable.
TERRITORIAL COHESION: Union between the parts differentiated that form a territory. His aims are to avoid the disgregación go in split components of a determinate territory and his causes, that are mainly, the territorial disequilibriums, inequalities between fields of a same territory, the scarce physical articulation or economic between them, the rivalries and relative excesses to partial identities to the detriment of the unit of group.
REGION: territorial Unit supralocal intermediate with regard to the municipality and the province or region. It considers it to him integrated by several municipality and bases in geographic criteria, economic and social.
COMARCALIZACIÓN: Creation of local entities subprovinciales with sight to a better development of the activities and of the ordination of the territory. In this process identify three factors: delimitation; recognition of the region like new field; endowment of competitions and inclusion of this entity in the organisation chart of the territorial planning.
AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITY: political Unit-administrative established by the Spanish Constitution of 1978 that adds to the previous, province and municipality, to articulate the territory of the state in a diet of autonomy. Has a deep political meaning, since has capacity of autogobierno, to legislate and to define, therefore, his own political. In definite are centres of political decision that facilitate the state administration.
CONNECTIVITY: Quality of a place or a territory to be accessible and relate with others through the different means of transport. It can quantify from the knowledge of the structures of existent communication and of the organisation of the public transport.
URBAN POLLUTION: Alteration of the normal conditions of a settlement owing to the broadcast of products that cause annoyances or damages in him. It affects to the water, air, the foods and to the floors, and can be biological, chemical, acoustic, audible and visual or paisajística.
TERRITORIAL COOPERATION: Activities of conjoint and voluntary realisation between entes territorial, are of the same political level-administrative or different.
LOCAL CORPORATION: Group of people that adopt the formal condition of members of the political organ referee in his more basic level. His aim is the achievement and defence of some common interests and participate in his administration. His representatives chooses them the citizenship.
COAST: Band of earth that bordea the sea or area of contact between the half marine and the terrestrial.
DELIMITATION: Act to establish the limits of a field whose function has fixed previously. It treats of an essential operation in the knowledge and understanding of the geographic space and the territories if it understands it to him like the act that culminates any proposal to realise a distinction of part in those and, therefore, also of the regionalisation in his wider sense.
LOCAL DEVELOPMENT: economic Strategy that follows to reach the growth and prosperity in the basic level of the territorial organisation, as well as his positive results.
TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT: suitable Distribution of the development, understood in his wider sense, in a field to the that corresponds him the condition of territory. This concept contains three main ideas: the one of the territorial balance, the one of the endogenous development and the one of the sustainable development.
DEVELOPMENT URBANO: existent Relation between the progress of the cities and the urbanisation like logical effect of the economic development or of the development in general terms.
TERRITORIAL DISEQUILIBRIUMS: unacceptable social Inequalities between areas with own significance of a same political entity unitary.
DESLINDE: Operation whereby determine the precise material limits of a solar, an urban zone, a finca rústica, a municipal term or the space of public domain.
SPACE DIFFUSION: Propagation or divulging of a novelty, a news, a fashion , a knowledge or an attitude of a place to others. So that it materialise a process of this type is necessary the existence of a focus in which it originate , of a potential group of receptors, of channels of communication between the point emisor and the the receptors, and of a period of variable time in each case.
TERRITORIAL GUIDELINES: Instrument of ordination supramunicipal of scope generally lower that a plan.
DISTANCE: Interval that mediates between two points, places or objects. His estimate realises using conventional units of length or in function of the time employed in displacing .
PUBLIC DOMAIN: Goods that they have the administrations to satisfy the ends that have assigned. The territory of public domain is inembargable and invendible and form part of this concept the rivers and lakes, the maritime zone-terrestrial and the own maritime space, the public mountains and any one others that consider necessary to keep the natural conditions, as well as the group of public roads; also they are it the ports and airports by his basic functions to the public service.
MARITIME PUBLIC DOMAIN-TERRESTRIAL: Group of goods of the state, as the had in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, that have been developed, cleared and regulated in the valid Law of Coasts of 27 July 1988. According to this normative text belong to this group the following spaces: the bank of the sea and of the estuaries, that includes the terrestrial maritime zone and the beaches; the sea-territorial and the inner waters, with his mulch and subsoil, the natural resources of the exclusive economic zone and the continental platform; the cliffs, the terrains won to the sea and the invaded by this, the islands that exist or form in the territorial sea, inner waters and in the rivers until where do sensitive the tides.
REGIONAL ECONOMY: Current of thought that formalises around the middle of the 20th century, that pretends to enter the space dimension in all type of economic analyses effected on the production, the consumption and the distribution of goods or services.
TERRITORIAL AXIS: it Traces on the terrain that allows to comprise a notable characteristic of his natural forming, or take advantage of it to the effects of his utilisation.
RESERVOIR: artificial Tank that uses for the storage of the water of escorrentía, situated in places of topography and favourable lithography.
ENCLAVE: Space or place in general little accessible or isolated, and also, of way more precise, territory or fragment of an included territory in another of greater extension with different characteristics, political, administrative, geographic.
LOCAL ENTITY: political Unit-administrative that constitutes the basic link of the territorial organisation of the Spanish state. They lack legislative authority although they can enjoy of administrative autonomy, with norms and organs of own government.
TERRITORIAL BALANCE: Condition of homogeneity or similarity between distinct fields in what it refers to levels of economic development and to the welfare of his respective populations.
FUNCTIONAL SPECIALISATION: Expression used to stand out the leadership that in a geographic space or in an urban core purchases an activity or group reduced of activities interrelated between himself that justify his birth, consolidation or dynamism in determinate historical periods.
DIAGRAM OF ORDINATION: synthetic Expression of the structural facts, or understood like such, of a territory. It is used to do reference to the main components of the model of ordination or territorial model.
TERRITORIAL STRATEGY: Group of forecasts that realise to take advantage of in elder measured a territory or to attain his contribution to other more generic ends, like the social welfare or the convivencia peaceful.
GENERAL And ORGANIC STRUCTURE OF THE TERRITORY: Expression used by the legislation urbanística Spaniard that refers to the meeting of the substantial members of the planing urbanístico, in the group of the municipal term, that is to say, to the classification of the floor and to the determination of the general systems.
TERRITORIAL STRUCTURE: Expression used in a geographic space considered unitariamente, to the that confers a meaning articulador or integrador of his operation.
URBAN STRUCTURE: Group of elements, formal and functional, understood sincrónicamente and considered paramount in the forming of a city and his immediate periphery, splitting of the principle that said components find interrelated and form part of an everything.
FIGURE OF PLANING: Expression that uses in urbanismo to refer genéricamente to the distinct instruments of planing, so much general as of development.
URBAN AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY: photographic Image of the terrestrial surface in areas urbanizadas obtained from the air.
URBAN FUNCTIONALITY: Activities that preferably develop the inhabitants of a city.
GLOBALISATION: Anglo-Saxon Term that does reference to the importance that has reached world-wide scale (or global) to explain the operation of the economic system and the characteristics of the culture of masses in the present.
TERRITORIAL INCENTIVES: public Helps to the location of private enterprises of investment in places previously selected by the administration, generally with the aim to correct territorial disequilibriums or to improve the activities, the economy and, in definite, the settlement of a part of the territory.
TERRITORIAL INCIDENCE: Expression that alludes to the repercussions or changes that enters in the ordination of the territory a performance, project or a plan.
INFORMATION URBANÍSTICA: Documentation collected, elaborated and systematised during the phase of advance of the plan. It includes generally geological studies, geomorphological, of the climate, the resources hídricos, vegetation and fauna, the capacity agrológica of the floors, of the erosion, the rural habitat, the elements of historical interest-artistic, yacimientos archaeologic, goods of ethnographic interest, units of landscapes, origin and urban growth, analysis and prospectiva of the population, evaluation of the equipments, free spaces, basic infrastructures, and present conditions in the territory object of planing, among others.
INTERMODALIDAD: Expression used to allude to the regulation of the relations between ways of transport.
INTERNATIONALISATION: Process that involves the superación of the limits of the states like stage of the economic events, social politicians.
LEGISLATION URBANÍSTICA: Group of norms, state and autonomic that regulate the process of urbanisation and the ordination of the territory.
SEABOARD: Band comprised between high tide and low tide whose extension depends on the amplitude of the tide or of his absence and of the forming and topography of the terrain in said band.
LOCATION: Place that occupies a fact or a determinate object. It treats of a term that saves narrow relation with the ones of situation and emplazamiento.
URBAN MACROCEPHALY: excessive Size of the greater city of a country in comparison with the remaining. In this type of settlements the economic activity of the country or considered and big region part of the population find concentrated in the main city.
TERRITORIAL SEA: Band of adjacent sea to the territory or inner waters of the state ribereño that exerts his national sovereignty (superficial waters, mulch and subsoil) with the only limitation of the called “right in passing innocent” of the fuselages that enarbolen the pavilion of other states. His extension comprises until 12 maximum miles, explained from the lines of base, normal or straight.
ENVIRONMENT URBANO: Group of factors, elements and connections of natural type (biotic or abiotic) and social that interactúan in the urban space.
MEGALÓPOLIS: Phenomenon of urban convergence of big extension, result of the growth of multiple nodes and urban agglomerations. The essential characteristics are the extension and the intensity of the urbanisation, reaching dimensions suprarregionales and with a space and functional disposal polinuclear.
TERRITORIAL MODEL: synthetic Expression of the territorial order wished or proposed, generally included like option finalist and integradora in a plan of ordination to any scale and similar, therefore, to model of ordination.
MODEL URBANO: synthetic Interpretation of the urban reality in two slopes; by a part, an order wished or proposed for a city like option of future that pretends to correct the problems and unfit generated in the present; by another, is an analytical formulation simplified of the existent citizen reality, so much of the urban area as of his more immediate periphery, that facilitates his analysis from diverse perspectives or the intervention on her.
MUNICIPALITY: basic local Entity of the territorial organisation of the state. Representative political institution gifted of autonomy for the gestión of the interests of the corresponding collectivity and, in consequence, of juridical personality and full capacity for the exert of his functions. The attribution of his municipal competitions emanates of the legislation of the state and of the autonomous communities.
RURAL ORDINATION: suitable Disposal of the uses and the elements constituents of the spaces of functionality predominantly agricultural, or conformed like such, in stages in that it prevailed said orientation.
ORDINATION OF THE TERRITORY: Politics that occupies of the presence, distribution and disposal in the territory of those facts to which confers the capacity to condition or influence in the development and welfare of his inhabitants.
URBAN ORDINATION: Will and action to have properly the diverse physical components and functional that form the human fact. Practically it is synonymous of “urbanismo”.
ORGANISATION OF THE SPACE: Disposal of the facts in the space or in the territory including no only a formal sense but also functional. Sometimes it uses the expression “organisation of the territory”.
TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION: Division of the corresponding space to a political body differentiated in entes lower to which also attribute own territories. In the case of the Spanish state organises territorially in autonomous communities, provinces and municipalities.
LANDSCAPE: Appearance or form of the territory such as it is visualmente perceived and aesthetically valued, in group and to a distance that allow, simultaneously, the panoramic assessment and the perception of details that compose the structure of to the image, which varies according to his complexity and texture.
LANDSCAPE URBANO: Combination of visible shots that loans to an urban space a fisonomía own.
URBAN PERIPHERY: Margins of the city in which the density of urban uses decrece. The term periphery uses especially to refer to those urban spaces semiformalizados that locate once finalised the continuous core and that therefore they form part of a big city, an urban agglomeration or a metropolitan area legally constituted.
PERIURBANIZACIÓN: Process of demographic growth, edificatorio and of the economic activity that produces around the conventional cities. This dynamics generates the creation of areas periurbanas where a series of shots like the big extensions of semi-detached, the construction of some blocks by flats in height, the occupation of the next sectors to the road network of access to the cities, the proliferation of destined floor to industry and warehouses, as well as the installation of thousands of new resident are elements stood out of the transformation of a space that, nevertheless, can conserve some traces of his rural past.
PLAN OF DEVELOPMENT: Instrument of forecast and impulse of the economy to short and half term. The concept of development includes at present other complementary meanings to the economic development, like the sustainable development or the social welfare.
PLAN DIRECTOR: Figure of planing little detailed, mainly territorial plans supralocales, with frequency vinculantes for the municipal general planing.
PLAN TERRITORIAL DIRECTOR OF COORDINATION (PDTC): Figure of territorial planing established by the legislation urbanística preconstitucional that establishes some territorial guidelines that have to be developed by figures of planning more specific. The PDTC distributes geographically the activities and uses prioritarios of the floor, signalling the areas that have to be object of specific limitations, the measures with a view to the protection of the natural resources, of the environment and of the historical heritage-artistic, as well as the location of the relative basic infrastructures to the communications, supply of water, saneamiento or energy, until completing a concrete territorial model to the that will have to accommodate the development ulterior of the field scheduled.
SPECIAL PLAN: Instrument urbanístico considered planing of development, and of open utilisation to distinct ends to complete and complement the general planing, although without capacity to classify floor neither to adopt measures of integral ordination. This figure of planing is used from the qualification of small urban areas, to the development of determinate infrastructures, or like instrument of ordination supramunicipal. The most spread are: the Special Plans of Inner Reform (PERI), the Special Plans of Historical Groups, the Special Plans of Protection and/or improvement of the half physicist and the half rural, and the Special Plans of Infrastructures.
GENERAL PLAN OF MUNICIPAL ORDINATION: it Is a figure of planing urbanístico basic for the integral ordination of the municipal term of Spain. It has to establish a model of ordination or general and organic structure of the territory, consistent in the fixation of the distinct uses of the floor, by means of the zoning, and the general systems (road, equipments and public spaces).
NATIONAL PLAN OF ORDINATION (previously National Plan of Ordination Urbanística): Plan proposed in the Law of the Floor of 1956 and in the successive versions of this state norm, save in the one of 1996, but that never has drafted , whose purpose was the ordination of all the territorial field Spanish.
PLANING OF DEVELOPMENT: Group of figures of ordination established in the legislation urbanística to expand, detail or adjust the determinations of the general planing. They are considered like such the partial plan, the program of performance urbanística, the study of detail and the special plans.
STRATEGIC PLANING: Method of planning that selects proposals considered triggers for the achievement of aims or general profits. This figure pretends the achievement of aims such as cause a process of economic or social assessment with regard to a field degraded or little appeal, delete a physical obstacle, create a tendency of occupation or of urban growth, through a type and method of planning that puts special attention in the public participation for the selection of performances.
GENERAL PLANING: generic Denomination applied to the destined instruments to establish the integral ordination of the municipal field, foreseeing the evaluation to half and long term of all the municipal term by means of his urban planning, the establishment of the necessary means for his execution, the definition of the content of the property, the temporary programming of his actions and his economic evaluation. The instruments that engloba this denomination are the municipal general plan (for municipalities of greater urban and territorial complexity, greater populational size or by a wider capacity of gestión of local administrative device( and the municipal subsidiary norms.
TERRITORIAL PLANING: Expression practically synonymous of ordination of the territory and that is referred, therefore, to fields supramunicipales. The legislation of the Spanish floor defines it like the National Plan of Ordination and the Plan Territorial Director of Coordination (PDTC). The territorial planing, with the entrance of the competitions to the distinct autonomous communities Spanish, has happened to designate of distinct form, between which stand out: guidelines of territorial ordination, territorial plan general, partial territorial plan, insular plan, plan with territorial incidence.
PLANING URBANÍSTICO: Ordination or planning of the to scale local floor. Action to foresee the evolution wished for the territory in relation to the process of urbanisation. Group of instruments of planning to said scale.
PLANNING: human Action to foresee to short, half or long term the evolution of a subject variable to complex processes or to a complex component of the natural reality, economic or social.
PHYSICAL PLANNING: Act to foresee and realise according to plans the physical order, space or territorial of a determinate field. This concept, that estimates as of big value although of scarce utilisation, arises like complementary to the of economic planning, more settled and admitted in general.
PLANNING INDICATIVA: liberal Orientation of the public economic planning, that situates to half way between the planning centralised or imperative planning practised by the countries of communist diet and the undemocratic autarchic governments and the laissez faire to the free theorist market. It differentiates of the planning centralised in that it forces exclusively to the public sector and no to the private economy.
RULED PLANNING: public Plans whose realisation, contents and procedures are regulated by a norm.
SECTORIAL PLANNING: Type of action planificadora or group of plans devoted to foresee and make possible the evolution wished for a determinate activity. In relation to the public planning understand like such the plans devoted to roads, resources hídricos, railway, energy, health, education or any one of the departments in that it is divided or subdividida an administration of structure preferably sectorial or vertical.
BEACH: coastal Accumulation of free sediments formed by sands, gravels and singings in surface almost flat and with little declive, like consequence of the action of the swell and of the flow and backflow of the tides. Also it applies to the sandy accumulations in the bank of the rivers and lakes. The normal origins of said sediments are the marine and fluvial currents, the cliffs in phase of shrinking, the rests of marine shells and chorals, the aeolian transports and the poured artificial.
REGIONAL POLITICS: destined public Function to improve in all the senses the first level of subdivision or territorial organisation of the state. The regional politics has his origin in the principle of subsidiariness, that preaches the greater approach to the citizens of the political decision.
POLITICS OF SUELO: public Actions related with the property and gestión of the floor in the urban areas. The performances are used to to go directed to a control of the private use of the terrains and to the public acquisition of the floor, already was for the forming of the road network, of the urban equipments and public services, or was to attain a public heritage of floor that allows to llevar a politics of public house or the development of the productive floor.
TERRITORIAL POLITICS: public Action in relation to the territory considered in his group, especially in those appearances to which attributes a significance estructuradora or strategic to promote general positive effects.
URBAN POLITICS: destined public Action to the regularisation, impulse and execution of urban improvements generalised. Also it does reference to the performances in urban cores by part of political levels-administrative supralocales.
POLO OF DEVELOPMENT: Group of industries quite integrated and dynamic, located in the inmediaciones of a city, of the cual expects that it generate a diffusing effect of the economic growth in a wider territory, characterised until this moment by a scarce diversification of his productive structure. They constitute an example stood out of intervention dirigista of the public sector in the process industrializador.
PROVINCE: local Entity with own juridical personality, determined by the grouping of municipalities or of corporations on which extends his jurisdiction. Equally it is a level dela territorial organisation of the state and of the autonomous communities, to whose front finds the subdelegate of the government and the delegate of the autonomic power. Of the fifty provinces in that it divides the Spanish territory, seven have lost his condition of local entity, when identifying with the one of the provincial autonomous communities.
PORT: Place located in the coast or in the margin of a river that serves for the rob of ships, for his protection in front of inclemencias meteorological, and for the load and download of commodities or the traffic of people. By extension dl use, place where situate port installations.
RAMBLA: Main walk in a lot of Mediterranean cities, consistent in a wide andén central with arbolado in his edges and with determinate amueblamiento favorecedor of the stay and the meeting, like banks, chairs and available kiosks of varied articles, like press or flowers. In some occasions the outline of the ramblas coincides with the existence of ancient sporadic courses of water, that have an identical denomination, but such coincidence is not compulsory.
NETWORK OF ROADS: Part of the terrestrial road network had to be used, preferably, by vehicles of wheel no encarrilados. It constitutes, so much by his extension as by the intensity of the utilisation, the main support of the terrestrial communications.
RE RAIL: Group of connections established on rail, so much monorraíl, as on a pair in the case of the conventional railway.
URBAN NETWORK: Group formed by the cities of a territory to effects of his articulation and integration. Like this, the network is composed by cities that exert function of nodes or knots of a mesh that merge a greater surface.
ROAD NETWORK: Part of the terrestrial geographic space, used or had to make possible his access, his route or the intercommunication of the distinct places and settlement in him existent.
REGION: Portion of the terrestrial surface that presents some shots differentiated, possesses some signals of own identity and is the result of processes of individualisation along the time, being considered an intermediate scale. Wide widespread area by several states or that engloba distinct countries with similar characteristics and next location.
URBAN REGION: geographic Space of big dimensions that presents high population densities, an important business concentration and of roads of communication. They are used to englobar a considerable demographic contingent, since they integrate several urban agglomerations and main cities strongly interrelated.
REGIONALISATION: Action to delimit territories in function of his characteristics by means of the establishment of operative divisions to an inferior scale to the state. It has used by the human and social sciences for the individualisation of spaces with particular shots, the realisation of studies or the grouping of statistical data.
RESÍDUOS SOLID URBAN: elements of waste that remain after all the urban activity, especially the domestic, the productive and the ones of construction.
BANK OF THE SEA: Well of state titularity that forms part of the ones of maritime public domain-terrestrial. Like juridical space comprises the band of terrain of the coasts that initiates where finishes the maritime part, where begins the firm terrain and with an extension to the earth that no necessarily has to be in periodic contact with the waters.
RISKS: Dangers or possibilities that they produce damages. They differentiate of the uncertainties in that for these last can not establish probabilities. Like this, in the risks is used to to resort to his prediction.
RURBANO: Space situated in the vicinities of a city characterised by the mix of elements of the rural landscape (parcelario agricultural, huertas or houses of labranza) and other generated by the urbanisation (new houses for active no agricultural, industrial zones, infrastructures and bulky equipments).
SANEAMIENTO URBANO: Group of activities and destined infrastructures to the evacuation and canalisation of the waste, preferably liquid, of the domestic life and the economic activities of the city.
SECOND RESIDENCE: residential Building that only is occupied of occasional and intermittent way, especially during the periods on holiday or weekends.
SYSTEM OF CITIES: Part of the urban system selected to realise politics of ordination of the territory, such as the preferential location of public services or of productive endowments that stimulate an economic development territorially balanced.
SYSTEM OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION (SIG): specific computer Programs that possess databases constituted by space information, which store and manage taking like reference his exact location by means of geographic coordinates and represent of diverse forms with the preparation automated of maps.
TERRITORIAL SYSTEM: Organisation and operation of a territorial structure or of several, of integrated form. The application of the term system to the territory comes from of the wide diffusion of the theory of systems, as well as of the use realised by the urbanismo of the expression general system.
TERRITORIAL SYSTEM OF COMMUNICATIONS: Group of fixed physical structures, mobile means or fleets and organisational appearances that serve to relate the distinct integral parts of a territory and to this in his group with other fields. It applies to distinct scales and to complex territorial realities as, for example, a big city, metropolitan areas, regional and upper fields.
TERRITORIAL SYSTEM OF NATURAL SPACES: Group of spaces to which confers a special natural interest or environmental and that it can be understood like a territorial system. This system is, at present, proposed by an every time greater number of instruments of ordination or physical planning of different scales.
SYSTEM URBANO: Part or subset of the system of settlements to which attribute urban characteristics, well by his formal shots or physicists, or by his functionality. Group of settlements to the that correspond functions supralocales in a space understood like unitary, whose functions rebasan the administrative limits venues of each element of the system.
SUELO: terrestrial Space or concrete parts of the surface of a territory, differentiated of the flight or existent volume supra and of the subsoil or space infra, generally affected by diets of appropriation and different exploitation to the ones of the floor.
TERRITORIALITY: Need of space that have the individuals and the groups by reasons of identity, security, protection and stimulus. It is associated to specific territories, considered, at least partially, as exclusive of his occupants and where produce space relations, determined by inclusions or rejections, that is to say, by relations disimétricas with the outside.
TERRITORY: geographic Space in wide sense (terrestrial, maritime, aerial, underground) attributed to a be individual or to a collective entity.
TRAFFIC: Circulation of vehicles by the roads conditioned to such end, traffic of commodities and of people by any half of transport. By extension, the intensity of the circulation and of the traffics can measure in number of cars and other vehicles by hour or by day, in number of tonnes displaced, or of people that use a determinate system to move quickly.
URBAN PLOT: Form in plant that in the city present the road and the public spaces. Sight in negative relates with the distribution of the urban space edificado. Can include in his definition the playgrounds of apple and trace them of the parcelario.
URBANISATION: Core of population with characteristics of urban settlement, morphologically differentiated by his road and edificación, generally separated of the continuous urban and of functionality essentially residential.
URBANIZAR: Action to give characteristic or urban conditions to a part of the floor (access filmed, electrificación, supply of water and sewerage).
USES OF THE FLOOR: Group of aprovechamientos and functions that give to the terrestrial surface. There is two big types: floor rústico (allocated to aprovechamientos agricultural, graziers, forest) and urban floor (excluded of the previous utilisations and occupied by the edificación, the solar, the road urban and the urban green spaces).
ROAD PECUARIA: rural Way specialised in the traffic of livestock.
PUBLIC ROAD: urban open Space and road territorial, in his more generic senses, of free and free use by part of all the members of the society. It comprises spaces like the street, the squares, the ways, road networks, among others.
ROAD URBANO: Part of the existent road network in the territory, corresponding to the urban areas and his inmediaciones. The outline, the disposal and the width of the urban roads has big importance for the ordination of the city, since of this depends the mobility, so much filmed like peatonal.
GROUP ADUAR (2000): Dictionary of urban geography, urbanismo and ordination of the territory, Ariel, Barcelona, 406 pp.
Universidad de Alicante
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