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In 2006 the Alicante Provincial Council, headed by MARQ's (Archaeological Museum of Alicante) technical team, boosted the project 'El Cabezo Pardo and the historical process of the Vega Baja del Segura and Bajo Vinalopó in the 2nd millennium BC.' Since then consecutive campaigns related to this task have been conducted. This site is located at San Isidro's municipal area, in the region of Vega Baja (Alicante). Although this project starts within the prehistoric investigation field, the Cabezo Pardo was already known for the presence of a medieval occupation -8th and 9th centuries-, which involved from the very beginning the foundation of a line of research which would be specific for this period. The medieval stage was run by María Teresa Ximénez de Embún Sánchez in close collaboration to Sonia Gutiérrez Lloret, Professor of the University of Alicante.

The Cabezo Pardo is part of a group of hillocks. In all of them have been found some remains which are bound to what would be a dispersed hamlet. In that place would have been settled homes, suspected stabling spaces and storage areas.The site of Cabezo Pardo is situated in a small hill which is about 690 m above sea level on the alluvial plain created by the Segura river, close to its estuary in the Mediterranean sea. This is a newly founded settlement with a marked agricultural character linked to the area influenced by the old capital of Tudmir: Aorariola (now Orihuela). Due to its characteristics, the Cabezo Pardo has been identified as the suspected al-qaryaTall-al-Jattab, which was a hamlet included in the dowry of Theudimer the Visigoth's daughter when she married the Yundi Abd al-Yabbar b. Nadir, as the geographer from Al-Andalus al-Udrí relates.





LÓPEZ PADILLA, J.A.; XIMÉNEZ DE EMBÚN SÁNCHEZ, Mª. T. (2008): “Excavaciones arqueológicas en el yacimiento emiral de Cabezo Pardo (San Isidro-Granja de Rocamora, Alicante). Primeros Resultados” LucentumXXVII, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante. 165-174

LÓPEZ PADILLA, J.A.; XIMÉNEZ DE EMBÚN SÁNCHEZ, Mª. T. (2014): “Excavaciones arqueológicas en Cabezo Pardo (San Isidro/Granja de Rocamora, Alicante). Últimas actuaciones”,  OLCINA DOMÉNECH, M.H.; SOLER DÍAZ, J.A.: II Jornadas de Arqueología y Patrimonio Alicantino. Arqueología en Alicante en la primera década del siglo XXI. MARQ, ARQUEOLOGÍA Y MUSEO, EXTRA-O1, Excma. Diputación Provincial de Alicante y Museo Arqueológico de Alicante, Alicante. 215-221

XIMÉNEZ DE EMBÚN SÁNCHEZ, Mª. T. (2013): “El Cabezo Pardo: trasformaciones en el poblamiento rural del SE Peninsular” Actas de las V Jornadas de Jóvenes en Investigación Arqueológica. Arqueología para el siglo XXI,  Santiago de Compostela, Mayo 2012, JAS Arqueología, Madrid. 108-113.

XIMÉNEZ DE EMBÚN SÁNCHEZ, Mª. T (2015): "iTpos y contextos cerámicos en el yacimiento emiral del Cabezo Pardo (San Isidro, Alicante). Una breve reflexión sobre la cultura material en el SE peninsular",Gonçalves, Maria José; Gómez-Martínez, Susana (Coord.). Actas do X Congresso Internacional A cerâmica medieval no mediterrâneo: Silves, 22 a 27 outubro 2012. Silves: Câmara Municipal de Silves; Campo Arqueológico de Mértola.


THE PLACE OF THINGS (6-14 centuries AD). HAR2015-67111-P

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