In so only some decades have seen like our world intercomunicaba of massive form. We have happened of some súper computers situated in business surroundings, closed and strongly controlled, to the %u201CInternet of the things%u201D (%u201CInternet of Things%u201D), where anything %u201C%u201D, already was a computer, a game console, a door, a vehicle, a zapatilla or a llavero, can have capacities of computation and communication, establish bonds with other elements and interact with his surroundings. It does some years only a bunch of privileged possessed a connection to Internet in his home, under some prices almost prohibitivos and with strong limitations so much in the times of access as in the available bandwidth.
Nowadays any one, from any place, anytime, through a sinfín of artilugios can access of boundless form no only to Internet but to an innumerable catalogue of services that will help him to exert his work of form more efficient, to interact with his mates, familiar and friends, to resolve his doubts or problems or to access to new forms of enjoy and leisure. The world has changed, the technology has changed the world. Technology and society are now inseparable mates, have merged to offer a new level of services to the citizenship and improve like this his quality of life of a way that up to now was unthinkable. From the punto of a citizen or a citizen any one, no longer can conceive the day in day out without these services that inform us of the time that will take in arriving to the work taking into account the current traffic, of the notable latest news according to our interest in the same instant in that suceden or communicate us with those that wish anytime.
Our cities, our job centres, our parks and gardens and, in general, our cities are immersed in a technological wave that does them more efficient, more confortables, more comfortable, more useful and, especially, puts them to our service. No longer it is necessary to expect the bus in the unemployed because we know exactly how many minutes will take in arriving. Not even it is necessary to show by the window to know if it does cold, heat or if it will rain later. And it is precisely this society evolved the one who allows to look to the future and contrive new and more interesting services. The same that until somebody did not invent the television, another visionario could not contrive the images in colour, now that exist these new services, like knowing in real time why place circulates a half of public transport, can contrive other entirely new like establishing stopped of collected of the public transport of dynamic form in function of where reside the users interested in using a true half of transport in a determinate moment. Equally, for rulers and agents, results impossible to attain the levels of trasparencia, participation, efficiency and economic requests demanded by governmental organs, international institutions and by the own citizens without the support of the technology that provides new and better channels of communication and help to control costs, consumptions, gestión, plans of contingency, strategies and the facts that become in the city. Sample of this transformation is that big part of the formalities and interactions that realise daily no longer require of a ventanilla physical to llevar them, neither of a strict schedule to realise them, in addition to opening the doors to eases before unthinkable, as can be to the so much at all times of the state of our processing.
This stage reveals us that we are in front of a new social paradigm that, by his complexity and transversalidad, has evolved without a general model of reference. It is necessary to detain an instant to think, reordenar ideas, establish organisational principles and design models and architectures that allow to sustain this explosion of ideas, technologies and services to the citizens. And in this process of reordenamiento and approach is necessary that the highest institutions and managing organs involve and participate actively, promoting, promoting and sustaining the processes ingenieriles of analysis, design, prototipado, implementation, deployment and validation that require . It is precisely here where the universities have a big capacity of contribution. Because of his nature, the universities are the greater sources of scientific contribution, since they are formed by professional bodies of researchers and educational in which, day after day, his work consists precisely in realising these same processes. Besides, the universities have another point to his favour: in himself same constitute a reliable stage where already give these processes of technological advance and explosion of services. Already it was by the own need in the university or by his capacity of generation of knowledge to the society, the universities are ones of the ideal organisations for catalizar the processes of reingeniería of the current society to the technological society of the future.
The University of Alicante, a young university, plural and friendly, is endowed of a glorious campus that can be comparable to the majority of small, average and even big Spanish cities in what to the use and aprovechamiento of the technologies refers . With a population of inhabitants formed by a diverse community of students, workers and visitors highly qualified and technologically formed that it can surpass the 40.000 citizens and some similar infrastructures to the ones of any urbe with streets, accesses and viales, parkings, buildings, luminarias, infrastructures of communications, gestión of waters and waste, warehouses, workshops, laboratories, centre of health, sportive installations, restaurants, gardens and parks, our university confronts to the same challenges and needs that the modern cities. It is thus that from the university understand that it is necessary to bet by a project of innovation to the cities of the future, that serve so much for the own university as to export to any another city. For this reason it created in the University of Alicante the project Smart University.
This project no only involves to generate new useful knowledge for the society, but also implant these proposals, being the first stage in showing his feasibility and resolve the barriers that arise in his development. Smart University Posed like one of the lines of the Strategic Plan UA 40 and pretends to develop a new model of open university, based in the provision of digital services that
They allow to increase the quality of life of the citizenship of the university community, helping to turn into it a much more transparent university, innovative, efficient, ecological, sustainable and in a referent for the modern society. The University of Alicante is sabedora that has the obligation to tackle the new needs and social requests, and more when these are drawing a
New map of the reality in which society and technology embrace not to go back to walk separated never more. We can not expect to that the proposals and solutions go to come from of other fields, since the university has the suitable competitions and the firm commitment to generate said contributions. Sample of this is this initiative of the University of Alicante, where materialises the concept Smart City on our own campus. This white book is the first step to attain this new society, reflecting the ideas, needs, requests and current state of our university, for like this begin to create the common frame that allow to give light to the Smart University, to the Smart City, of the future.
The Team of Smart University
Carretera San Vicente del Raspeig s/n - 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig - Alicante - Tel. 96 590 3400 - Fax 96 590 3464