Traffic and mobility are one of the biggest problems for the development of the cities of the 21st century. The population increases and the cities have to cope with the challenges of sustainable mobility in dimensional physical spaces such as cities. Simultaneously, the expectations of citizens change continuously, influenced by the innovations associated with ecological vehicles and the reduction of pollution. This growing demand for sustainable mobility converge with a bounded physical capacity of the system of transportation, traffic and the parking of a city. By por ello this a university or a city, with efficient management of transport and mobility, should offer the citizen a better place of life and work in which movements are not a problem.
Thank you in the development of the urban planning and management practices, there is an opportunity for improvement in mobility services for citizens, in addition to correctly manage the demand on transport networks and generate economic as for the environment so much value.
The main objectives which have to be addressed to intelligent mobility will correspond to the promotion of sustainable mobility, which ensures accessibility, transport systems, environmental problems and the parking management to respond to the economic, social and environmental needs of the city. So strategies must be able to provide tangible benefits both economic and environmental, and improve the experience of the citizen in terms of:
Improve the quality of life of the citizen.
Reduce the environmental impact.
Improve the planning and efficiency of the public transportation.
Reduce congestion and public frustration.
Optimize the squares of parking and its management.
Prioritize the citizen in the field of mobility.
"Smart Mobility prioritizes the use of clean and non-motorized means of transport on certain occasions. "Also provides relevant information in real time, which the public can access to save time and improve efficiency, improving savings and reducing CO2 emissions, as well as improve the management of transport services and provide feedback for the citizens."
Therefore, users of mobility systems should provide their own data in real time or contribute to a long-term, enabled the TI work planning, access to education and training, human resources and management capacity, in an inclusive society that enhances creativity and innovation. In this way the capacity of citizens to be prosumers of data in the city makes is to create tools of data analysis for decision making, create products and services, and citizens through Scorecards can manipulate and customize their own data.
Within this framework the three basic pillars of a Smart University in the field of the axis Smart Mobility are as follows:
Transportation: develop, improve and promote modes of transportation to promote the environment, savings and sustainability. Traffic management prioritizing alternative routes, early management of accidents, monitoring and coordination and systems of traffic regulation
Location: promote the use of tools of geolocation and thus avoid delays, apply IT to the management of parking areas on the streets of the city to reduce parking times. Efficient accessibility to cities and creation of prediction models for its automatic management according to demand.
Mobility: encourage the use of sustainable transport through awareness-raising campaigns and the provision to the citizens of useful and accurate information enabling them to take advantage of the maximum time possible.
UA Smart University
Universidad de Alicante Carretera San Vicente s/n 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig Alicante (Spain)