Humanities 90640 academic year 2018-19

NATIONALISM AND ROMANTICISM IN ITALIAN NINETEENTH-CENTURY MUSICAL CULTURE: VERDI'S OPERA

TEACHER

Salvador Forner Muñoz................................... salvador.forner@gmail.com

OBJECTIVES

  1. The course will deal with the study of Italian and German musical culture throughout the 19th century, taking as an axis the opera production of Verdi and Wagner. Its content corresponds to the area of cultural history and not to that of musicology. Emphasis will thus be placed on an approach that makes it possible to relate the historical context of Germany and Italy, before and after their respective national unifications, to the artistic trends which developed in Europe during the 19th century, as well as their influence on the development of German and Italian nationalism. The figures of Verdi and Wagner become especially significant in this respect, because of their life experiences and artistic career, as a cultural expression of the Italian and German national sentiment and as a symbol thereof. The basic aim of the course will be to use the opera repertoire of Verdi and Wagner, in relation to the historical and cultural context of the successive stages in their professional development, thus enabling students to acquire a better knowledge and understanding about two of the most outstanding members of the European opera and music culture all through the 19th century.

METHODOLOGY

  • Explanations by means of PowerPoint presentations will alternate with the viewing of fragments and complete operas of Verdi and Wagner.

SYSTEM OF ASSESSMENT

  • Attendance

SUBJECT SYLLABUS

  1. INTRODUCTION.-
  2. OPERA DEVELOPMENT IN THE EARLY 19th CENTURY.-
    1. Opera as a new popular show: social and cultural aspects
    2. 'Preverdian' and 'Prewagnerian' opera in Italy and Germany
  3. THE EARLY VERDI.-
    1. Risorgimento and national effervescence in Italy
    2. The national significance of Verdi's initial production: "Nabucco" and "I Lombardi alla prima crociata"
  4. THE EARLY WAGNER.-
    1. Vormärz: first German nationalism
    2. Wagner in German revolutionary movements
    3. The first operas: "Rienzi" and "The Flying Dutchman"
  5. THE ESTABLISHING OF ROMANTICISM.-
    1. Verdian romanticism and Wagnerian romanticism
    2. The popular success of Verdi's work
    3. The difficulties of Wagnerian drama  
  6. TOWARDS THE NEW OPERA.-
    1. The transition period in Verdi and Wagner
    2. The new political and social context in Italy and Germany
    3. Verdi's 'Wagnerian' attraction: "Don Carlo"
    4. Wagner's dream: the theatre of Bayreuth
  7.  THE FINAL CLIMAX.-
    1.  Italian opera and German opera: influence or confluence?
    2.  Verdi's final work: "Othello and Falstaff"
    3.  Wagner's final work: the "Tetralogy" and "Parsifal"

BIBLIOGRAFIA

  • Ángeles Caso, Giuseppe Verdi: la intensa vida de un genio, Temas de hoy, 2002.
  • Martin Gregor-Dellin, Richard Wagner, Su vida. Su obra. Su siglo, Alianza Editorial, 2002.
  • Vincent d'Indy, Adriá Gual, Ernst von Wolzogen,  Miscelánea Wagneriana, 2015.
  • Bryan Magee, Aspectos de Wagner, Acantilado, 2013.
  • Thomas Mann, Richard Wagner y la música, Ed. Debolsillo, 2013.
  • Blas Matamoros, Verdi y Wagner, Ed. Libros Singulares, 2013.
  • Ángel-Fernando Mayo, Guía de Wagner, Península, 2001.
  • Pierre Milza, Verdi y su tiempo, El Ateneo, 2006.
  • Friedrich Nietzsche, Escritos sobre Wagner, Biblioteca Nueva, 2003.
  • Christoph Schwandt, Verdi, una biografía, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2004.
  • Andrés Ruiz Tarazona, Giuseppe Verdi: alma del Risorgimento, Real Musical, 1975.
  • Richard Wagner, Ópera y drama, AKAL, 2013.
  • John Rosselli, Vida de Verdi, AKAL, 2003.