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homenaje víctimas gran redada

Autonomic federation of Gipsy Associations of the Valencian Community

The Big Raid

«Prpers having not arrived the wished Catholic end of H.M. all the disposals and orders that have given to contain the wander and harmful village that infects to Spain of gipsy, to his fulfillment continued in his ugly crimes and disturbing the peace of the country. Being precise remedy that have to cure so grave illness, is the only, exterminate them of once»

Zenón of Somodevilla, Marquis of the Inlet,

Secretary of State

The Big Raid, also known like general Prison of gipsy, went a persecution authorised by the king Fernando SAW of Spain, and organised secretly by the Marquis of the Inlet and the Governor of the Council of Castilla, that initiated of way synchronised in all the Spanish territory the Wednesday 30 July 1749 with the aim declared to arrest, and finally «extinguish», to all the gipsy and gipsy of the Realm of Spain.

With the creation in 1721 of the Together call of Gipsy arrived to the conclusion of the uselessness of the politics followed until then to the Gipsy Village, as well as the problem that supposed the ecclesiastical immunity to attain a general prison. Undressed in 1748 of this right, the Council of Castilla, with his president Gaspar Vázquez of Tablada at the front, agreed his arrest to %u201Ctake out them of Spain and send them divided in short number to the provinces of America%u201D.

Connoisseurs that a similar measure there was fracasado in Portugal, agreed undertake the %u201Cexterminio%u201D biological, by what in June of 1749 already planned a raid to capture the greater possible number of gipsy and gipsy of all the ages from the padrones made with reason of the pragmatic of 1745.

The Big Raid is one of the darkest episodes of the History of Spain and constitutes the culmen of the saña persecutoria antigitana. It is, the attempt of genocide more ancient of the universal history. However, it did not go more than a line of continuity of the process of political and legislative gestión of the gipsy question in the Spanish territory. It did not occur of unexpected way, but it was prepared from long before and was protected in a legal procedure. In fact, the decision was taken by the highest instance of this country in this moment, that was the Council of Castilla whose governor, Gaspar Vázquez of Tablada, Bishop of Oviedo, was, together with the Marquis of the Inlet, the instigator and promoter of the Big Raid.

And all this occurred to the protect of Rey Fernando SAW.

The operation gave beginning to the twelve of the night of 30 July 1749, moment in that prendió and took out of his homes to all the gipsy and gipsy to separate them to continuation by sexes

With regard to the goods of the prisoners, proceeded after the raid, to the custody and closing of the houses to prevent his plunder, inventorying %u201Call the goods roots, pieces of furniture or money%u201D that found for his back auction and like this pay the own operation.

Between 9.000 and 12.000 people of all the ages were captured that nefasta night. 16 years afterwards almost 4000 followed preys when Carlos III conceded them his reprieve in 1765.

The gipsy and gipsy captured in the Realm of Valencia (and some pertinent of the provinces colindantes) received different treatment according to his gender and age: the men and greater boys of 7 years were sent to the Castle of Barbaric Saint of Alicante; whereas the women, girls and lower boys of 7 years were imprisoned in the Castle of Denia.

The Castle of Barbaric Saint as well as the Castle of Denia served like transitory tanks from which the captives and the captives were sent to his final destinations. The men and greater boys of 7 years, in his practical whole, were sent to the Arsenal of Cartagena where were subjected to works forced in the construction of ships whose end was the recomposición of the Armed Real. Whereas the women, the girls and the lower boys of 7 years were allocated to the calls Marry of Misericordia where were subjected to works forced of lavandería and sewing.

Some references to know more

Gómez Alfaro, To. (1993) The big raid of gipsy. Madrid: Gipsy Presence

Falcones, I. (2013) The barefoot queen. Madrid: Grijalbo

Martínez Martínez, M. (2014) The gipsy and the gipsy of Spain around the middle of the 18th century. The failure of a project of %u201Cexterminio%u201D (1748-1765). Almería: University of Almería

(2015) Never More. Homage to the victims of the project of %u201Cexterminio%u201D of the gipsy minority initiated with the raid of 1749. Almería: Red Circle

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